Homère « maître de rhétorique » ou Homère « premiere sophiste », tel est le paradoxe d'une réception old qui fait de l'aède de Chios le maître d'un idéal oratoire. Ce quantity décline les différentes modalités selon lesquelles l'autorité d'Homère s'exerce ou se voit discutée, dans los angeles formation rhétorique des élites d'abord, puis dans le discours des sophistes et des orateurs. Dans les multiples occasions de conversation auxquelles l'homme éloquent sait répondre - discours public, dinner party, discussion familier, cour impériale -, le Poète est souvent invité. Parler d'Homère, c'est se révéler homme de tradition, mais c'est aussi cimenter cette tradition, en empruntant, par les exemples et les citations homériques, un langage partagé par les Grecs, depuis l'Athènes classique jusqu'à l'époque byzantine.
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Extra resources for À l'école d'Homère : La culture des orateurs et des sophistes
Look toward these things and consider : if you do not judge rightly, you will perceive that a word has no strength against a deed, and a speaking man will not be of any help to you. 7-8) Such a belligerent tone coming from Ajax would no doubt ring true to Antisthenes’ audience, familiar as they were with the prickly, defensive demeanor that he displays in the Homeric epics, most notably in the underworld in Odyssey 11. For the purposes of rhetorical persuasion, however, it is the wrong note to strike.
He begins by disparaging Palamedes’ origins and family, labeling his father as a poor man of unsavory character who “left no kind of crime untouched” (12-13). He then accuses Palamedes of acting treacherously during the recruitment of Greek forces for the expedition to Troy, persuading Kinyras not to come and taking gifts from him (20-21). For this reason alone, Odysseus argues, “it seems to me that death would be a just punishment for him, if indeed it is just to punish this expert (σοφιστήν) who has been shown to be devising the most disgraceful things (τὰ αἴχιστα μηχανώμενος) against his friends” (21).
Phdr. , Rh. I. 3, I. 4, etc. 35 Rachel Ahern Knudsen the Trojan epic cycle ; his story appears in the Cypria. His traditional reputation as a figure of linguistic inventiveness makes him Odysseus’ nemesis in myth. Palamedes is the hero who forces Odysseus into joining the Trojan expedition against his will, using trickery ; but Odysseus gets the last laugh when he falsely accuses Palamedes of treason and persuades the Greek army to execute him. This reputation for cleverness also makes Palamedes a natural candidate for the practice under examination in this piece —a practice to which Socrates connects Palamedes in the question from Phaedrus 261b : Ἀλλ'ἦ τὰς Νέστορος καὶ Ὀδυσσέως τέχνας μόνον περὶ λόγων ἀκήκοας, ἃς ἐν Ἰλίῳ σχολάζοντες συνεγραψάτην, τῶν δὲ Παλαμήδους ἀνήκοος γέγονας ; But have you heard only about the rhetorical handbooks of Nestor and Odysseus, which they wrote during their leisure time in Troy ?
À l'école d'Homère : La culture des orateurs et des sophistes