By Organization for Economic Cooperation & Development
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Extra info for Advanced Nuclear Fuel Cycles And Radioactive Waste Management: Nuclear Development
A modern centrifuge plant generates around 4x10-5 m3/SWU of LILW-SL . 2 Fuel fabrication plants The waste types generated in stand-alone fuel fabrication plants are describe below; for the fuel cycle schemes including pyrochemical separation, the fuel fabrication is assumed to be part of the reprocessing complex. UOX fabrication plant UOX fabrication plants are, like enrichment plants, characterised by low specific activity of the materials. Low enriched uranium (maximum 5% of 235U) is only slightly radioactive thus reducing the handling and processing requirements.
1 provides an overview of the relative volumes, activities and radiotoxicity of waste arising at different steps of the fuel cycle including reactor operation and decommissioning. 1. 1 Relative volume Relative activity Relative radiotoxicity Very large Small Small Small Small Large Small/Medium Low Low Low Low Low/Medium Medium High/Very high Low Low Low Low Medium Low High Medium High High Very large Low Very low Waste categories Several methods are used to categorise radioactive waste types; the method selected usually is dependent on the generator of the material.
As the respective issues and requirements are different, it is appropriate to decompose the out-of-pile TRU inventory into: fresh fuel (fuel storage inventory); irradiated fuel (fuel cooling inventory); and – in the case of Schemes 2b, 2c and 2cV – minor actinide in storage facility (decay storage inventory). 3 kg/MWe for the once-through and the conventional reprocessing fuel cycle (Schemes 1a and 1b), respectively. 4 shows that all Family 2 schemes have similar fuel storage and fuel cooling inventories and that the thermal americium recycling and the substitution of PWRs by fast reactors somewhat increase the in-pile inventory.
Advanced Nuclear Fuel Cycles And Radioactive Waste Management: Nuclear Development by Organization for Economic Cooperation & Development