New PDF release: An Introduction to Equilibrium Thermodynamics

By Bernard Morrill

ISBN-10: 0080168914

ISBN-13: 9780080168913

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Extra info for An Introduction to Equilibrium Thermodynamics

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In o r d e r to simplify the t r e a t m e n t of the work due to magnetism, we shall limit our discussion to paramagnetic materials. A paramagnetic material is o n e , in the a b s e n c e of a magnetic field, which is not a magnet. W h e n such a material is introduced to a magnetic field, it b e c o m e s only slightly magnetized in the direction of the field. In its magnetic state the paramagnetic material can be adequately modeled using its magnetic m o m e n t (on a unit v o l u m e basis) as a t h e r m o dynamic property.

14) is directly c o n n e c t e d to the second law of t h e r m o d y n a m i c s . Since the C a r n o t cycle consists of four reversible p r o c e s s e s , the C a r n o t engine may b e operated in the reverse direction. Such a reversed engine is called a refrigerator: t h e heat source is t h e colder body at T2 a n d the heat sink is the hotter body at Tx. T h e net work of the reversed cycle will b e negative, meaning that w o r k has been added t o the system. Such work is necessary (by a compressor) t o reject t h e heat at t h e higher t e m p e r a t u r e Tx.

38 First Law of Thermodynamics EXAMPLE Calculate the value of cp of air from the d a t a given in the example at the end of Section 1-12. F r o m E q . 240. EXAMPLE T h e air in an ideal piston-cylinder device is expanded by a heat transfer. If the t e m p e r a t u r e change is 80°F, determine the amount of heat transferred per lbm of air, if the air is assumed to act like a perfect gas. This is a constant pressure p r o c e s s ! 2BTU/lbmofair REVERSIBLE PROCESS A t h e r m o d y n a m i c system can be controlled by a process so that its state can b e changed from A to B.

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An Introduction to Equilibrium Thermodynamics by Bernard Morrill

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