By Trevor Bryce
Syria has lengthy been essentially the most trouble-prone and politically risky areas of the close to and center japanese international. This e-book seems to be again past the concerns of the current to inform the 3000-year tale of what got here prior to: the peoples, towns, and kingdoms that arose, flourished, declined, and disappeared within the lands that now represent Syria, from the time of the region's earliest written documents within the 3rd millennium BC, during to the reign of the Roman emperor Diocletian within the early 4th century advert. around the centuries, from the Bronze Age to Imperial Rome, we stumble upon an unlimited array of characters and civilizations, enlivening, enriching, and besmirching the annals of Syrian background: Hittite and Assyrian nice Kings; Egyptian pharaohs; Amorite robber-barons; the biblically infamous Nebuchadnezzar; Persia's Cyrus the nice and Macedon's Alexander the good; the rulers of the Seleucid empire; and an collection of Rome's so much exclusive and such a lot notorious emperors. All swept throughout theplains of Syria at some point soon in her lengthy historical past. All contributed, in a single approach or one other, to Syria's designated, targeted personality, as they imposed themselves upon it, fought each other inside it, or pillaged their approach via it. yet this isn't only a background of invasion and oppression. Syria had nice rulers of her personal, native-born Syrian luminaries, occasionally showing as neighborhood champions who sought to disencumber their lands from international despots, occasionally as crafty, self-seeking manipulators of squabbles among their overlords. They culminate with Zenobia, Queen of Palmyra, whose existence offers a becoming grand finale to the 1st 3 millennia of this historic civilization. And but the lengthy tale of Syria does notend with the mysterious destiny of Queen Zenobia. the realization appears ahead to the Muslim conquest within the seventh century advert: in lots of methods the outlet bankruptcy within the both complicated and sometimes afflicted heritage of contemporary Syria.
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29 introductory work, in 1866 ; and later, in a more popular form, largely from that work, in my “Natural History of Creation,” in 1868. 7. Next followed in natural order, “The Confession of an Inquirer Into Nature,” growing out of that Natural History. , with the important facts of evolution as now established. 8. In November, 1905, at Jena, the German Monistic Union (Bund) was founded by the adherents of a strongly unitary view of the world, resting only on the results of a scientific knowledge of Nature; and at the wish of many friends and students I became its honorary president; and thereby was also accepted by us as Bond of Union and rule of conduct, the “Thirty Theses” which had been published in 1904 in The Free Word at Frankfurt.
Both use in true Jesuitical way the cloak of religion for the veiling of their selfish interests and their lust of power. The notorious Black-blue Block threatens the foundation of our mental and spiritual freedom. 19. Although these political considerations are for me by far the most powerful motives for consequent present withdrawal from the church, yet they are reinforced by a sense of disgust (Eke]) at the sham-holy hypocrtiy and the old Byzantine sneaking, cringing treachery, which in the splendors af the showy new emperor throne threatens to lead us all to a general and dangerous demoralization.
By the Grace of God,” OY “Instrualso, as “Ruler wzent of the Lord,” the often emphasized conviction that “The Throne and The Altar must nlutually and even so with the dangersupfort each other”; ous Catholicizing tendency of his Inew] Protestant Christianity. 14. In September, 1904, when I attended the International Freethinkers’ Congi-ess at Rome, the strangely “natural” friendship of the emperor and the pope was much discussed. ” The ostensive display which he paraded in the Vatican upon his visit to Pope Leo XIII.
Ancient Syria: A Three Thousand Year History by Trevor Bryce