Antisthenes of Athens (c. 445-365 BCE) used to be a well-known historic disciple of Socrates, senior to Plato by way of fifteen years and inspirational to Xenophon. he's appropriate to 2 of the best turning issues in historical highbrow heritage, from pre-Socraticism to Socraticism, and from classical Athens to the Hellenistic interval. a greater knowing of Antisthenes ends up in a greater knowing of the highbrow tradition of Athens that formed Plato and laid the principles for Hellenistic philosophy and literature besides. Antisthenes wrote prolifically, yet little of this article is still this present day. Susan Prince has accumulated all of the surviving passages that pertain so much heavily to Antisthenes’ old attractiveness and literary creation, interprets them into English for the 1st time, and units out the parameters for his or her interpretation, with shut recognition to the function Antisthenes most likely performed within the literary time table of every old writer who pointed out him.
This is the 1st translation of Antisthenes’ is still into English. Chapters current the traditional resource, the unique Greek passage, and helpful serious equipment. the writer then provides the fashionable English translation and notes at the context of the maintenance, the importance of the testimonium, and at the Greek. a number of new readings are proposed.
Antisthenes of Athens should be of curiosity to a person looking to comprehend Antisthenes and his highbrow context, in addition to his contributions to historical literary feedback, perspectives on discourse, and ethics.
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Additional info for Antisthenes of Athens: Texts, Translations, and Commentary
If fictive, 42 Antisthenes of Athens: Texts, Translations, and Commentary the stages of his career must have been distinguished before the time of Hermippus of Smyrna (an Alexandrian “Peripatetic” of the mid-third century BCE), who reports this anecdote to illustrate the rhetorical stage. If the anecdote is true, however, the setting at the games suggests that Antisthenes should have been famous as a rhetor. An early Byzantine tradition classified him with Gorgias, Alcidamas, and the rhetors (see introduction to t.
3, 10; this story, too, could be a fiction: see t. 200). See also von der Mühll 1966. Notes Ἀντισθένης Ἀντισθένους: Antisthenes’ father, also named “Antisthenes,” cannot be identified definitely. Common practice among Athenian elites was to name sons for their grandfathers; naming after the father is less common. 1:273–78), but chronological considerations eliminate most of them from identification with the father of the Socratic Antisthenes. (On the various famous persons called Antisthenes, see t.
Apart from Antisthenes, the philosophers in the list are too young to have fought in the 420s and never appeared in this tradition of anecdotes. On the anecdotes generally, see Düring 1941:41–46 and Gigon 1947:152–58; on this passage, see Nesselrath 1985:419. Notes πᾶς οὗτος ὁ ὅμιλος: The list begins with the standard Cynic tradition (through four generations), turns back to two of the younger Socratics (who were small boys in the 420s), and then goes forward to Aristotle, in Plato’s succession.
Antisthenes of Athens: Texts, Translations, and Commentary by Antisthenes