By Ilias Papathanasiou, Patrick Coppens
Aphasia and similar Neurogenic communique problems covers subject matters in aphasia, motor speech problems, and dementia. equipped via symptom instead of syndrome, this article offers a origin for knowing the problems and studying tips to follow easy idea to scientific perform within the improvement of rehabilitation pursuits. Aphasia and comparable Neurogenic verbal exchange issues applies a scientific integration of the psychosocial with the neuropsychological technique in grownup language rehabilitation. Written by way of foreign gurus within the box of aphasia and comparable verbal exchange problems and in keeping with the ICF framework, this distinctive textual content gains varied contribution overlaying international matters.
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Additional resources for Aphasia and Related Neurogenic Communication Disorders
Bastian was an exception and introduced the influential division between compensation for lost functions and restitution of functions (Bastian, 1898). He described therapy for aphasia based on the potential of reorganization of the right hemisphere through functional compensation, which he distinguished from functional restitution. These processes have become axiomatic in neuropsychology and have a significant impact on how we plan and carry out therapy (see Chapter 3, this volume). In Russia during World War II, A.
Linguistics has methods for describing aphasic language and might provide details to inform treatment planning, and aphasic data can act as external evidence for linguistic and psycholinguistic hypotheses. For example, the breakdown in phonological structure seen in some forms of aphasia has been used to test various phonological models. Ball, Code, Tree, Dawe, and Kay (2004) used data from progressive apraxia of speech to compare cognitive, gestural, and sonority models of syllable production breakdown and were able to show that although a sonority model accounted well for some observed data, the gestural phonology model accounted better for most of the data.
Paraphasias and writing problems arise from impaired phonemic hearing. An injury to the middle gyrus of the temporal lobe is the underlying cause in acoustico-mnestic aphasia, which causes an impairment of verbal memory affecting word repetition—a transcortical sensory aphasia in neoclassical terms. Finally, in semantic aphasia, patients can 16 |â•‡ Section 1â•‡ |â•‡ Aphasia understand the meaning of individual words, but they cannot grasp the meaning of the construction as a whole. They experience an impairment of what Luria called logico-grammatical operations with a disturbance of simultaneous (and spatial) synthesis that affects not only linguistic but also spatial and praxic systems.
Aphasia and Related Neurogenic Communication Disorders by Ilias Papathanasiou, Patrick Coppens