By Jason Marsh, Rodolfo Mendoza-Denton, Visit Amazon's Jeremy Adam Smith Page, search results, Learn about Author Central, Jeremy Adam Smith,
The place do our prejudices come from? Why are a few humans extra biased than others? Is it attainable for people, and society as a complete, to actually defeat prejudice? In those pages, best scientists, psychologists, educators, activists, and so on supply solutions, drawing from new medical discoveries that make clear why and the way our brains shape prejudices, how racism hurts our health and wellbeing, steps we will be able to take to mitigate prejudiced instincts, and what a post-prejudice society could really glance like.
Bringing a various variety of disciplines into dialog for the 1st time, Are We Born Racist? bargains an easy evaluate of the recent technological know-how of prejudice, and showcases the plentiful functional, research-based steps that may be taken in all parts of our lives to beat prejudice.
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Extra resources for Are We Born Racist?: New Insights from Neuroscience and Positive Psychology
Easy. While the participants were viewing the faces, they were instructed to hold a pencil in their teeth and not let it touch their lips. Go ahead and try it yourself. Although it’s not a real smile, the face that you make while holding the pencil in your teeth feels like a smile. Past research has found that this kind of facial feedback, posing a smile, can be enough to produce mild positive emotions and can lead to more favorable evaluations of other people. Ito and colleagues found that participants who “smiled” when they viewed a set of African American faces showed significantly less racial bias on a later test of implicit attitudes.
They’re really the products of prejudice. Minding the gap Watson’s insinuations about the “inherently gloomy” prospects of Africans (and those of African descent) rest on two faulty assumptions. The first assumption is that intellectual ability, as surely as our hair color or the shape of our nose, is fixed and innate. The second is that our tools for measuring this ability—such as IQ tests or standardized exams—are faithful gauges of it, like thermometers are for temperature. S. culture in not-so-subtle ways.
Indeed, a great deal of recent research has shown how our knee-jerk biases are directed toward members of other races. Research by New York University psychologist Elizabeth Phelps and her colleagues has found that even dull yearbook photographs can trigger a strong neural response. When white men in their study briefly saw pictures of unfamiliar black male faces, their brain activity spiked in a region known as the amygdala, which is involved in feelings of vigilance generally, and in the fear response specifically; the amygdala lights up when we encounter people or events we judge threatening.
Are We Born Racist?: New Insights from Neuroscience and Positive Psychology by Jason Marsh, Rodolfo Mendoza-Denton, Visit Amazon's Jeremy Adam Smith Page, search results, Learn about Author Central, Jeremy Adam Smith,