By Sandra Lee Barney
During this ebook, Sandra Barney examines the transformation of remedy in imperative Appalachia throughout the revolutionary period and analyzes the effect of ladies volunteers in selling the attractiveness medication within the area. by means of highlighting the severe position performed via nurses, clubwomen, girls' auxiliaries, and different girl constituencies in bringing sleek drugs to the mountains, she fills an important hole in gender and neighborhood history.
Barney explores either the variations that divided ladies within the reform attempt and the typical flooring that hooked up them to each other and to the male physicians who profited from their voluntary task. Held jointly at the start through a shared aim of enhancing the general public welfare, the coalition among girls volunteers and doctors started to fracture while the reform agendas of women's teams challenged physicians' sovereignty over the shape of well-being care supply. by way of reading the professionalization of male scientific practitioners, the gendered nature of the crusade to advertise their authority, and their displacement of group healers, specially lady midwives, Barney uncovers the various tensions that developed inside of Appalachian society because the area used to be essentially reshaped through the period of business development.
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Additional resources for Authorized to Heal: Gender, Class, and the Transformation of Medicine in Appalachia, 1880-1930
Many physicians achieved economic, social, or political prominence, but many more were not so successful. Letters written by former and potential students to the dean of the Medical College of Virginia reveal that the pursuit of medicine alone did not guarantee one’s economic status. In December 1869, Dr. I. M. Repass of southwestern Virginia wrote the dean about the $100 debt that he owed the college for a course he had completed in 1862. He explained that he had lost everything in the ‘‘late war’’ and that his medical practice did not provide him with enough income to fulﬁll his obligations.
In the years during and immediately after the Civil War, no more than one formally recognized physician at a time resided in Perry County, Kentucky. According to the 1880 census, that number had doubled by the end of the 1870s. Nearby Floyd County, Kentucky, with its commercial center at Prestonsburg, enjoyed a relative abundance of medical care. ∞≠ Population size alone does not fully explain the low number of formally trained physicians practicing in Central Appalachia. ∞∞ Unlike a∆uent commercial farmers and members of the growing urban middle class and elite, residents of most nineteenth-century mountain communities were unable to o√er the sort of ﬁnancial incentives that would attract signiﬁcant numbers of well-educated physicians.
Wade St. Clair. A native of Tazewell County, Virginia, St. ∞≠π Fox and St. ∞≠∫ When they decided to expand the facility in 1914, they took advantage of the ﬁnancial success of St. Clair’s father, a native industrialist who had proﬁted from the region’s development. Alexander St. ∞≠Ω Dr. Wilkin B. Stevens possessed little other than his medical credentials when he moved to southern West Virginia in 1905. ’’∞∞≠ After his graduation in 1904, he made his way to the coalﬁelds of Central Appalachia, where he became an assistant company doctor.
Authorized to Heal: Gender, Class, and the Transformation of Medicine in Appalachia, 1880-1930 by Sandra Lee Barney