By Charles W. Johnson
The 1st renowned ebook to accommodate toilets in a complete but authoritative demeanour.
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Extra resources for Bogs of the Northeast
In the New World bogs provided Native Americans with many plants and plant parts for food, medicines, magic charms, tools, trinkets, and even toys for children. In what was to be- Page 2 come Massachusetts early European settlers quickly learned to prize the bog-grown cranberry and to turn other wetlands into artificial bogs for the cultivation of this crop. Later, midwestern and Ontario bogs were drained and converted into other croplands. Further south bogs and streams in the New Jersey Pine Barrens were mined for iron as early as the 1770s.
Botanists have long sought out bogs as havens for rare plants, islands of significant biota. But in the last half-century, with the perfection of scientific techniques permitting the reconstruction of ancient environments through the analysis of deposited peat, diverse researchers have discovered treasure chests of information packed and preserved in the peatsfrom ecologists, paleoecologists, and climatologists to anthropologists and even historians. In fact, more than any other ecosystem, bogs are invaluable to our understanding of past climates, vegetation, wildlife, and even human life.
Local terms may differ from those given here. From southern New Hampshire along coastal Maine, heath (pronounced "hayth" in down east Maine) is used for large, usually raised, treeless bogs. Spong is a New Jersey Pine Barrens expression for bog, and cripple is their local term for a cedar (Atlantic white cedar) peatland or swamp. South of our region along the Atlantic, pocosin is the name for the common bog type; to the north in much of Canada and Alaska, muskeg is the almost universal word for peatlands, this term of Indian origin referring to wet areas of mosses, dwarf shrubs, and (usually) some scattered conifers.
Bogs of the Northeast by Charles W. Johnson