By Lori Askeland
Adoption and foster care is a brand new and burgeoning quarter of historic and interdisciplinary learn. Too frequently, even though, start mom and dad, adoptive mom and dad, foster mom and dad, social employees, and the kids themselves have both been neglected or demonized. This complete introductory source offers an authoritative, but obtainable, exam of adoption and foster care because it has been practiced within the United States.Within the pages of this quantity, the reader will discover a whole view of the numerous contributors and teams concerned, in addition to an intensive realizing of some of the social and monetary forces that experience contributed to the perceptions of what young children are short of care. additionally mentioned is the function of orphanages, as soon as the first establishment for kids with no mom and dad in addition to a stopgap degree for negative young ones wanting transitority care. Divided into 3 significant sections, unique essays evaluate the perform of adoption, orphanage placement and foster care from the colonial interval to the current day. chosen fundamental files, together with fabrics by means of childrens, in addition to an in-depth bibliographic part, supply an important details and perception for prime college and school scholars. Social staff, newshounds, and others also will locate a lot worth during this ancient review and advisor. members comprise Elizabeth Bartholet, Marilyn Irvin Holt, Martha Satz, and Claudia Nelson.Adoption and foster care is a brand new and burgeoning quarter of ancient and interdisciplinary learn. Too usually, even if, start mom and dad, adoptive mom and dad and foster mom and dad, social staff, and the youngsters themselves were both missed or demonized. This authoritative and available paintings is the 1st finished introductory source that offers a fuller portrait of the numerous participants and teams that experience contributed to the perceptions of what little ones are short of care. additionally mentioned is the function of orphanages, the first establishment for kids with out mom and dad in addition to a stopgap degree for terrible childrens desiring transitority care. Divided into 3 sections, unique essays evaluation the perform of adoption, orphanage placement, and foster care from the colonial interval to the current day. chosen basic files, together with fabrics through little ones, in addition to an in-depth bibliography part, supply an important details and perception for prime university and school scholars. Social staff, newshounds, and others also will locate a lot price during this old assessment and consultant. megastar participants contain Elizabeth Bartholet, Marilyn Irvin Holt, Martha Satz, and Claudia Nelson.
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Additional resources for Children and Youth in Adoption, Orphanages, and Foster Care: A Historical Handbook and Guide (Children and Youth: History and Culture)
1894. The Life of Charles Loring Brace, Chiefly Told in His Own Letters. New York: Scribner's. Bremner, R o b e r t H. 1980. The Public Good: Philanthropy and Welfare in the Civil War Era. New York: Alfred A. Knopf. Butler, Amos W. 1923. " In Public Welfare in the UnitedStates: The Annals, ed. Howard W. Odum, 122-24. Philadelphia: American Academy of Political a n d Social Services. Children's Aid Society. Placement Card. O r p h a n Train Heritage Society of America, Concordia, KS. The Children's Aid Society of New York: Its History, Plan and Results.
CONCLUSION T h e idea of arranging child custody to serve "the best interests of the child," evoked by the African American reformer q u o t e d above, e n t e r e d into the American legal world only in 1809, a n d t h e n did n o t b e c o m e prevalent as a legal doctrine until mid-century (Grossberg 1985). All three of the cultures discussed in this chapter mainly rooted their adoptive a n d fostering practices in adult needs for labor a n d continuity, rather than children's 14 CHILDREN AND YOUTH IN ADOPTION, ORPHANAGES, AND FOSTER CARE n e e d for nurturing.
At the same time, state laws began to contain "religious protection" clauses that demanded children be placed in adoptive homes of like faith, "as far as practicable" (Cobbey's Annotated Statutes 1905). The language of state laws trying to stop child relocation did not always address adoption directly, but as the Kansas law of 1903 and directives for religious protection suggest, the thought that went into curbing child relocation sometimes extended to state guidelines for adoption. The same could be said of foster care which emerged from the orphan train debates as a recognized form of child placement with guidelines that sometimes echoed the same concerns voiced for adoptive homes.
Children and Youth in Adoption, Orphanages, and Foster Care: A Historical Handbook and Guide (Children and Youth: History and Culture) by Lori Askeland