Read e-book online Cognitive Mechanisms of Belief Change PDF

By Aaron C. T. Smith (auth.)

ISBN-10: 1137578947

ISBN-13: 9781137578945

ISBN-10: 1137578955

ISBN-13: 9781137578952

Belief swap lies on the center of all human aspirations. From profession development, weight reduction, non secular dedication, and ideological ardour, to like, grief, struggle, id, and game, ideals advisor our lives and to a superb volume, make certain our good fortune, delight and happiness. Cognitive Mechanisms of trust Change is appropriate to a person drawn to the machinations of ways this happens. It explains how sure principles and ideas thieve a spot within the brain simply because they latch directly to hardwired methods of considering, experiencing, and behaving. innovations throw gentle upon the mind’s wishes, which in flip casts a kaleidoscope of silhouettes opposed to the partitions of suggestion, with these taking precise form forging the outlines for ideals to inhabit. ideals infiltrate our minds, and this publication exhibits how they come and alter in methods severe to our feel of which means and identification.

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My cognitive approach draws on its broader foundations in psychological assumptions. g. Durkheim 1961 [1915]; Geertz 2000). Ideas spread like a virus. Social and cultural theories do the work of the medical epidemiologist, locating 48 Cognitive Mechanisms of Belief Change the original infection, measuring its incubation, mapping its dispersal, and diagnosing its pathology. g. Whitehouse 2004). As a result, memory theories bridge the psychological and the social. In a circuitous pattern of reinforcement, new behaviours drive new beliefs that lead to reflection, which in turn switches on emotional responses.

In the first section of Chapter 2, under the heading of Roots, I begin with the features of cognition affecting beliefs that arrived through biological evolution. The focus revolves around the mind’s engrained cognitive capacities that help introduce belief change. In the second part Representations, I explore the ideas, or units of concepts, that constitute beliefs in order to establish what exactly changes when beliefs change. Finally, in the section on Recall, I connect the mind’s cognitive capacities with the cognitive attractiveness of certain ideas (representations) with the aim of revealing why some ideas can steal a piece of the mind more easily than others.

As mentioned earlier, emotion-inducing, socially driven, and consistent proto-beliefs have the greatest chance of acceptance. This triumvirate, leveraged by a hearty serving of confirmation bias, ensures that only limited objectivity guides the evaluative process. In short, we do not need objective evidence, facts, or even logic in order to embrace or discard a proto-belief, assuming that a conscious process occurs at all. If a proto-belief fits nicely with existing beliefs, we tend to go out of our way to avoid subjecting it to the rigours of independent analysis and actively steer clear of any other precursors that could place it under pressure.

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Cognitive Mechanisms of Belief Change by Aaron C. T. Smith (auth.)

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