Download PDF by Ann Birch, Sheila Hayward, Visit Amazon's Tony Malim Page,: Comparative Psychology: Human and Animal Behaviour: A

By Ann Birch, Sheila Hayward, Visit Amazon's Tony Malim Page, search results, Learn about Author Central, Tony Malim,

ISBN-10: 0333639189

ISBN-13: 9780333639184

ISBN-10: 1349137766

ISBN-13: 9781349137763

This article presents an advent to the comparative learn of human and animal behaviour, taking as its start line the evolutionary pressures that have motivated the behaviour of people and animals. This sociobiological standpoint is printed within the first bankruptcy and types the foundation for dialogue of edition to the surroundings, studying, verbal exchange and social behaviour.

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Additional info for Comparative Psychology: Human and Animal Behaviour: A Sociobiological Approach

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If you stopped to calculate these, you would probably miss the ball! Various factors influence animals' foraging behaviour, including 40 • • • Comparative Psychology Economic decisions Risk-taking Food availability. 1. Economic Decisions Individuals of a species have to make economic decisions when foraging. Bees, for example, have been observed returning to the hive with less than a full load of nectar, even when more was available. Schmid-Hempel et a/. (1985) found that the further bees had to fly back to the hive, the smaller the load they collected.

Conclusions drawn are about the nature of learning and conditioning and were intended to be applicable to any species, though more recent studies quoted have highlighted the importance of species-specific characteristics (that is, those characteristics which are peculiar to a particular species). Differences in such characteristics are reflected in different conditioned behaviour. A full account of these and other studies of learning is in Chapter 3. Physiological Study of Animals A further approach to the behaviour of animals is through a study of their physiology.

What impact did Lumsden and Wilson suggest it had on the development of the human species? 20 Comparative Psychology SECTION III METHODS OF STUDY OF ANIMAL BEHAVIOUR Ethological Methods Ethology refers to the study of animals. This may be pure observation free from any manipulation of the environment or it may be experimental, that is to say it may involve some deliberate manipulation of variables in order to be able to observe the results of this manipulation. In Chapter 4, for instance, the observations made by von Frisch ( 1967) of honey-bees are described.

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Comparative Psychology: Human and Animal Behaviour: A Sociobiological Approach by Ann Birch, Sheila Hayward, Visit Amazon's Tony Malim Page, search results, Learn about Author Central, Tony Malim,

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