Download e-book for kindle: Computational Methods in Economic Dynamics by Herbert Dawid, Willi Semmler

By Herbert Dawid, Willi Semmler

ISBN-10: 3642169422

ISBN-13: 9783642169427

This quantity is headquartered round the factor of industry layout and ensuing marketplace dynamics. the commercial quandary of 2007-2009 has once more highlighted the significance of a formal layout of industry protocols and institutional information for fiscal dynamics and macroeconomics. Papers during this quantity trap institutional information of specific markets, behavioral information of brokers' selection making in addition to spillovers among markets and results to the macroeconomy. Computational tools are used to duplicate and comprehend industry dynamics rising from interplay of heterogeneous brokers, and to enhance versions that experience predictive strength for complicated marketplace dynamics. ultimately remedies of overlapping generations types and differential video games with heterogeneous actors are provided.

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When one pair of students is successful in raising the market price, the IPT agents learn to speculate and reinforce the students’ behavior. As a result, all firms obtain higher earnings. The IPT agents can also exploit unusual situations effectively. For example, in Session 2_9 of Test 2, one student sold only the contracted 50 MW and withheld everything else from the auction, and the other student submitted three of the four non-contracted blocks (40 MW in addition to the 50 MW contracted) at very high offer prices.

For these tests, the students’ firms were represented by Latent Speculators (LS). LS agents are more likely to speculate than IPT agents, but, when high prices occur, IPT agents adapt to the new market conditions and evolve into LS agents. The average earnings by type of firm are summarized for the all-agent tests in Table 3. Percentage changes from the corresponding values in Table 2 are also shown, and, in eight out of the nine cases, these changes are positive. The small negative change for the VIF agents in Test 2 is the only exception.

We have assumed zero intelligence trading as a lower bound for more robust behavioral rules in order to elucidate the consequences of different resampling techniques. Like Gode and Sunder (1993a) and most of the subsequent literature, we look first at allocative efficiency. Their trading protocol makes an extreme assumption that we call full resampling. We show that full resampling is especially favorable to allocative efficiency, biasing Gode and Sunder’s results about the ability of the market to substitute for the lack of traders’ intelligence.

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Computational Methods in Economic Dynamics by Herbert Dawid, Willi Semmler


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