Consistency in Personality: A Methodological Framework by Daniel J. Ozer PDF

By Daniel J. Ozer

ISBN-10: 0387962999

ISBN-13: 9780387962993

ISBN-10: 1461249422

ISBN-13: 9781461249429

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This discussion of various scaling procedures for quantifying the entries in a PxSxRxT structure has focused on issues particularly cogent to this framework. It is hardly a discussion of the broader problems of measurement in personality. Discussions of general issues in personality assessment may be found in Fiske {1971} and Wiggins (1973). Given this brief discussion of the quantification of behavioral observations, attention shall now be directed toward the quantification of consistency in behavior.

Only the random etl'ects model permits the estimation of all variance components without assuming that the highest order interaction component (in this case. V(PSRT)) is zero. Such an assumption would nearly always be false. Second. random etl'ects models provide smaller estimates of a given component. Any bias introduced through the use of an inappropriate model will be in a conservative direction. Finally. traditional definitions of random sampling may be unnecessarily narrow. The concept of exchangeability (de Finetti.

For example, independent of main effects and second order interactions, to the extent that G(PSR) PxSxRxT is large, then across all occasions, the meaning of G(PS) varies at each Rk , G(PR) varies at each Sj' and G(SR) varies at each Pi' Then in order to interpret G(PSR), it becomes necessary to examine G(P) and G(S) at each Rk ; G(P) and G(R) at each Sj; and G(S) and G(R) at each Pi' In each case, variability in T may be used to create a within-cell error term. This creates the opportunity to discover second order interaction effects-- for example, there may be a person situation interaction at any given Rk .

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Consistency in Personality: A Methodological Framework by Daniel J. Ozer


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