Creative Morality: An Introduction to Theoretical and by Don MacNiven PDF

By Don MacNiven

ISBN-10: 0203006658

ISBN-13: 9780203006658

ISBN-10: 0415000297

ISBN-13: 9780415000291

ISBN-10: 0415000300

ISBN-13: 9780415000307

Inventive Morality is a philosophical research of ethical dilemmas. Western ethical concept has depended on uncomplicated moral views - Utilitarianism and Kantianism - to unravel dilemmas. MacNiven argues that no genuine development might be made with glossy ethical difficulties except those tradtions are coherently synthesised. The e-book offers with diversified issues corresponding to educational honesty, scientific confidentiality, terrorism and euthanasia and the hypothetical dilemmas used are in line with genuine existence events in order that conception may be demonstrated opposed to fact. but the suggestions aren't definitive simply because, as MacNiven demonstrates, creativity is an intrinsic attribute of ethical idea.

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The utilitarian would accept euthanasia because it is a beneficent act. The Kantians would reject it. They would say euthanasia was wrong no matter how poor the quality of life might be. Everyone has a right to life because life is intrinsically valuable, hence everything possible must be done to preserve it. Attitudes towards social morality are also essentially different. Utilitarians want to create a benevolent or caring society; Kantians want to create a just society based on respect for human rights.

Since particular experience instantiates principles and rules, and principles and rules structure and give meaning to particular experience, any form of linear thinking, whether ‘up’ from particulars to rules, or ‘down’ from rules to particulars, will fail to express properly the reality of individual moral experience. Because the individual moral agent is creative and essentially unpredictable in both thought and action, linear thinking will be unable to capture the unique process of an individual’s or a society’s moral development.

Justice Krever declined to recommend that health professionals or OHIP officials be required by law to release confidential medical information, even to report gunshot or stab wounds. 24 This acknowledgement might require considerable modification to the code of ethics which governs the practice of Canadian health care professionals. The OHIP case could be seen as a problem of police ethics as well as a problem in medical ethics. In some societies, the police need to be reminded that although their function is to catch criminals this must always be done with due respect to the rights of individuals.

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Creative Morality: An Introduction to Theoretical and Practical Ethics by Don MacNiven

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