Get Cross-Cultural Approaches to Adoption PDF

By Fiona Bowie

ISBN-10: 0203643704

ISBN-13: 9780203643709

ISBN-10: 0203683722

ISBN-13: 9780203683729

ISBN-10: 0415303508

ISBN-13: 9780415303507

ISBN-10: 0415303516

ISBN-13: 9780415303514

ISBN-10: 9780415300

ISBN-13: 9789780415303

Adoption is presently topic to loads of media scrutiny. High-profile circumstances of foreign adoption through the web and different unofficial routes, have drawn awareness to the relative ease with which youngsters could be got at the worldwide circuit, and feature caused laws which regulates the alternate of youngsters inside and among international locations. notwithstanding an absence of study into cross-cultural attitudes to child-rearing, and a much wider lack of know-how of cultural distinction in adoptive contexts, has intended that the assumptions underlying Western childcare coverage are seldom tested or made explicit.

 These articles look at adoption practices from Africa, Oceania, Asia and relevant the USA, together with examples of societies within which young children are sometimes separated from their organic mom and dad or gone through a number of foster households. exhibiting the variety and adaptability of the child-rearing practices that approximate to the Western time period 'adoption', they reveal some great benefits of a cross-cultural appreciation of kin lifestyles, and make allowance a broader knowing of the various relationships that exist among teenagers and adoptive parents.

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Example text

1 As kinship relations that are not necessarily grounded upon biological relations, adoption and fosterage seem to be good examples to test the validity of that argument. One research possibility is to study the process of “kinning” (Howell 2003), which means to thematize the way in which a kinship relation is built up, which symbols and metaphors for this new relation of belonging are found and, finally, how an attempt is made to make adoptive relationships resemble biological ones. Studies of adoption in Europe and America have shown how much effort adoptive parents put into “naturalizing” relations with their adopted children.

Children are precious but are claimed by others, and it is the social rather than biological parents who are considered most suitable to educate and raise children (Alber, Chapter 3). 14 In many African societies, as elsewhere in the world, to refuse to give a child to someone who has a culturally validated right to ask for it is considered selfish and morally blameworthy. Children may be circulated between co-wives, as among the Maasai (Talle, Chapter 5), exchanged between brothers and sisters, or claimed by various categories of patrilineal or matrilineal kin, depending on the society in question.

It is maintained that the transfer of the child should happen at a young age, before the child would be “knowing”, as the Baatombu say, a change which takes place at around six or seven. 7 The foster parent takes full responsibility, not only to rear the child but also to educate and teach all the gender-specific tasks and roles of a future member of the society. From the moment of transfer there are significant differences between the sexes. Women explained to me numerous practices that should help bind the girl to the social mother, such as special herbs that are put into the bath of the child, songs and conjurations, or small gifts that help to convince the child to follow the new mother.

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Cross-Cultural Approaches to Adoption by Fiona Bowie

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