Death before Birth: Fetal Health and Mortality in Historical - download pdf or read online

By Robert Woods

ISBN-10: 0199542759

ISBN-13: 9780199542758

Contemplating its value, the heritage of fetal healthiness and mortality is still a missed quarter. clinical historians have tended to target maternal mortality conflicts among midwives instead of at the unborn, whereas one of the social scientists demographers and epidemiologists have until eventually lately committed so much in their consciousness to babies and kids. demise prior to start redresses this imbalance, redirecting realization to the fetus. A examine of fetal wellbeing and fitness from the 17th century to the current day, it's the first publication to provide an historic standpoint at the topic and to mix either clinical heritage and epidemiological and demographic examine, utilizing long term and comparative views, together with a robust overseas comparative aspect, throughout either Europe and North the US. The e-book not just offers an account of ways fetal healthiness and the dangers dealing with the unborn (miscarriages, abortions, stillbirths and so on) have replaced, it additionally bargains an interpretation of the factors, person who specializes in the function of obstetrics and the epidemiology of maternal infections. alongside the way in which, it will pay exact cognizance to a number of comparable issues, reminiscent of various cultural practices within the reputation of stillbirths; the age development of mortality hazard among perception and stay beginning; comparative developments in late-fetal mortality and their explanations; fetal mortality and obstetric care through the eighteenth, 19th, and 20th centuries; and the contrasting ways of the pathologists and "social epidemiologists" to the factors of fetal dying. The booklet concludes with a research of the "fetus as patient," concentrating on matters surrounding the legalization of abortion in lots of Western nations and the general public wellbeing and fitness demanding situations of again and again excessive mortality in much less built international locations.

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Extra resources for Death before Birth: Fetal Health and Mortality in Historical Perspective

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17–20, ‘Technical notes’, where some of the definition, registration, and measurement problems are set out. ²² MEASUREMENT Measurement depends on clear and consistent definition, and accurate registration. We have already seen that even in the twenty-first century definition continues to pose many problems, especially over ‘viability’ and ‘vital signs’, and that these will have implications for accurate recording. g. g. the number ‘at risk’ of those events occurring to them in the same specified period of time).

Abortion and stillbirth, but also the possibility of survival to live birth and beyond). The model takes on greater meaning if it is used to trace through the anticipated consequences of particular conditions. For example, suppose that an unmarried woman became pregnant. She would most likely be young and probably this would be her first child. Her ability to secure good-quality delivery conditions would be limited and she might well face poverty and malnutrition during her pregnancy. In these circumstances, she and her unborn child would be at high risk.

The Place of the Dead: Death and Remembrance in Late Medieval and Early Modern Europe (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2000), 266–87 discusses the changing meaning of ‘chrisom’ in detail. ⁵ The phrase ‘gestational age in weeks or days LMP’ will be used here for ‘reckoning’. Although it is appreciated that the gestational or intrauterine age of the embryo/fetus dates from fertilization/conception and that menstrual age and length of pregnancy may not be the most appropriate way of recording stage of development, ‘months, weeks, days LMP’ has become conventional.

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Death before Birth: Fetal Health and Mortality in Historical Perspective by Robert Woods

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