By Christian Laes
This can be the 1st quantity ever to systematically learn the topic of disabilities within the Roman international. The individuals learn the subject a capite advert calcem, from head to toe. Chapters care for psychological and highbrow incapacity, alcoholism, visible impairment, speech problems, hermaphroditism, vast births, mobility difficulties, osteology and visible representations of disparate our bodies. The authors absolutely have interaction with literary, papyrological, and epigraphical assets, whereas iconography and osteo-archaeology are taken under consideration. additionally the past due old proof is considered. Refraining from a thorough constructionist perspective, the participants recognize the opportunity of studying major modifications within the method impairment used to be culturally considered or assessed.
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Extra resources for Disabilities in Roman Antiquity: Disparate Bodies A Capite Ad Calcem
21 While fans of Brad Pitt may not care that his portrayal of an ambitious and moody Achilles is anachronistic, one must remember that the larger-than-life Homeric figures are heroic in the ancient sense of confirmative ancestral destiny, not the modern sense of renegade individual choice. In the Iliad and Odyssey we see the earliest Greek vocabulary for lack of intelligence, and, more importantly, the ways in which disparity was narrated. Behaviour, demeanour, or appearance put some Homeric figures in the category of the fool or lout, and it is important to note two points: first, this characterisation was a social observation, not a medical one; second, the category was fluid in that it was rarely a permanent or primary descriptor.
A century after Petronius had died, Galen’s second-century treatises codify the concept of mind/body unity in scientific terms, explaining intellectual and moral defects as organic to the brain and body, and the second- to thirdcentury Alexander of Aphrodisias codified the concept of the ἰδιοτης and its relation to that of natural impairment in such a way that only he and his circle measured up in every way. Indeed, in all cases, the criteria of the literate elite—and, often, only of one’s own coterie within it—served as the standard measurement, determining the degree of everyone else’s political, social, or 1 Homer, Iliad 2, 211–320.
10–12] makes clear the lack of nonwestern material and provides some suggestions for interested scholars to pursue. 19 On madness and mania see the magisterial work by Pigeaud (1989), though he wisely refrains from using such specific terms in its title. The unpublished state of P. Clark’s superb dissertation (1993) is most unfortunate. See also the surveys by Godderis (1987) and Stok (1996). More recently there is the collection of essays in Bosman (2009), in which particularly the contribution by Cilliers, Retief (2009).
Disabilities in Roman Antiquity: Disparate Bodies A Capite Ad Calcem by Christian Laes