By Takeru Akazawa, Yoshihiro Nishiaki, Kenichi Aoki
This quantity offers the 1st of 2 complaints from the foreign convention at the substitute of Neanderthals by means of glossy people, which happened in Tokyo in November 2012. Focussing on a hugely leading edge operating speculation referred to as the ‘learning hypothesis’, which makes an attempt to provide an explanation for the alternative because of ameliorations within the studying talents of those hominid populations, the convention served because the most recent multidisciplinary dialogue discussion board in this fascinating Palaeoanthropological factor. the current quantity studies on results of the convention in 3 significant sections. half 1 offers an archaeological assessment of the approaches of replacement/assimilation of Neanderthals by means of glossy people. half 2 comprises archaeological and ethnographic case stories exploring facts of studying behaviours in prehistoric and smooth hunter-gatherer societies. half three provides a suite of papers that at once contributes to the definition, validation and trying out of the training speculation when it comes to inhabitants biology and evolutionary thought. a complete of 18 papers during this quantity make to be had to readers special cultural views on mechanisms of the replacement/assimilation of Neanderthals via smooth people and advised relationships among those mechanisms and assorted studying strategies.
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Additional info for Dynamics of Learning in Neanderthals and Modern Humans Volume 1: Cultural Perspectives
S (2013) analysis of anterior tooth root morphology and size also found a significant overlap between Neandertals and early modern humans. In light of these findings, of the problems encountered by Bailey et al. , the Grotte du Renne's) but not for isolated finds. In short, the evidence upon which Benazzi et al. (2011) assign the Uluzzian to modern humans is inconclusive and insufficient to reject the hypothesis that the Cavallo teeth are Neandertal. 's argument is further weakened by the fact that the new radiocarbon dates they obtained for the site suggest a more complex stratigraphic situation than they describe: “The Uluzzian deposits, about 80–85 cm thick, (…) are divided into Archaic Uluzzian (E III), Evolved Uluzzian (E II-I) and Final Uluzzian (D II-D Ib).
However, since the age range obtained overlaps the boundary between the chronostratigraphic time slots of the Châtelperronian and the Protoaurignacian in France, the dating does not reject that the skeleton relates to the latter instead of the former. Based on the stratigraphic configurations observed at the time of excavation, and bearing in mind that the relevant levels (EJOPsup and EJOsup) are separated by the >10 cm-thick sterile level EJOinf, a Protoaurignacian connection is, however, unlikely, and this for two reasons.
The advent of radiometric dating made it possible to refine such chronologies to a certain extent, especially where the Upper Paleolithic is concerned. It also generated a number of apparent contradictions with traditional schemes, but such contradictions resulted from ambiguity in definitions and/or errors in the dating process (cf. Zilhão and d’Errico 1999); as the last 15 years of research have demonstrated, the chronological predictions derived from culture-stratigraphic arguments were indeed the correct ones, with advancements in dating technique and methodology (cf.
Dynamics of Learning in Neanderthals and Modern Humans Volume 1: Cultural Perspectives by Takeru Akazawa, Yoshihiro Nishiaki, Kenichi Aoki