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By V. Y. Plotkin

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After the eighth century the results of this process were either consolidated or eliminated. , vocalic and consonantal tenseness) made the biggest step in their extension before the fifth century, in the pre-OE period, when the West Germanic lengthening of consonants gave tense correlates to practically all lax consonants. Between the fifth and eighth centuries the extension of vocalic tenseness was subordinated to the extension of timbre gliding - both oppositions were combined to produce lax correlates to tense diphthongoid vowel phonemes.

This agrees with the thesis that in languages with independent phonemic oppositions of tenseness and voice the latter is confined to stops and does not embrace the fricatives (Jakobson, Fant, Halle, 1955, 38). , (The Hague, 1964): 80. SONORITY AND PROTENSITY FEATURES 49 tives is presumed by some scholars. The opposition of length is believed to have been accompanied by a difference in voicing - in intervocalic position long fricatives were voiceless, whereas short fricatives were voiced (Kurath, 1956: 438).

3 (1956): 441. 17 N. S. Trubetzkoy, "Gedanken ber das Indogermanenproblem", Acta linguistica I. 2 (Copenhagen, 1939): 84. 48 SONORITY AND PROTENSITY FEATURES bywa pozycja. synkretyzmu (neutralizacji)" (Kurylowicz, 1960, 221). e. 18 It is noteworthy that the maximal extension of the consonantal opposition of tenseness, seemingly increasing the symmetry of the whole phonological system, in fact contradicted the requirements of symmetry. In intervocalic position consonants are highly susceptible to assimilative influences like voicing, fricativization, vocalization.

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Dynamics of the English Phonological System by V. Y. Plotkin

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