By William L Miller
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Additional resources for Electoral Dynamics in Britain since 1918
This would appear to compare normal members of one dass with deviants in the other. However lack of control means that the observed partisan differences may owe something to occupations other than the respondents' own. 3 The Meanings of Polarisation The rise of a dass alignment or an increase in dass polarisation does not mean victory for a dass party. 1 Fit or Slope Two reasonable definitions of a social alignment are: that party support should vary sharply with social divisions-the slope definition; or that party support should not vary much, either systematically or randomly, except across social divisions-the fit definition.
In the language of data analysis, one definition BASIC VOTING PATTERNS AT A POST-WAR ELECTlON: 1966 39 implies a high correlation coefficient between party and society, the other a high regression slope coefficient. Butler and Stokes measured a dass alignment by taking the difference between levels ofConservative support among manuals and non-manuals_ 2o It is easy to show that this measure must equal the regression slope in a dummy variable regression in which Conservatives and non-manuals are coded 1 and others O.
21 Labour's 1918 manifesto demanded a million houses, built by the State, to be let at 'fair rents'. Until the late sixties Conservatives always managed to build houses faster than the preceding government. For five years in the mid thirties they built over 300,000 a year. In 1951 they pledged they could do it again and did so. Between the wars they built for purchase, not rent. 22 The 'property owning democracy' of their 1950 manifesto was a natural extension of their house building programme.
Electoral Dynamics in Britain since 1918 by William L Miller