By Elaine Hatfield
While everyone is in a undeniable temper, no matter if elated or depressed, that temper is usually communicated to others. once we are chatting with an individual who's depressed it could actually make us suppose depressed, while if we check with somebody who's feeling self-confident and buoyant we're prone to be ok with ourselves. This phenomenon, often called emotional contagion, is pointed out right here, and compelling facts for its results is out there from numerous disciplines--social and developmental psychology, historical past, cross-cultural psychology, experimental psychology, and psychopathology. The authors suggest an easy mechanism to account for the method of contagion. They argue that individuals, of their daily encounters, have a tendency immediately and continually to synchronize with the facial expressions, voices, postures, activities, and instrumental emotional behaviors of others. Emotional studies are affected, moment-to-moment, via the suggestions from such mimicry. In a sequence of orderly chapters, the authors supply observational and laboratory facts to help their propositions. They then provide sensible feedback for scientific psychologists, physicians, husbands and other halves, mom and dad, and pros who desire to turn into higher at shaping the emotional tone of social encounters.
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Extra resources for Emotional Contagion
Although the authors 32 Emotional contagion suggested that positive emotions may not produce the kinds of patterned autonomic activity necessary for linkage [p. ) Levenson and Ruef concluded that people may come to know what others feel because they feel what the others feel - in "miniaturized form" (p. 14). Muscle mimicry When we daydream about painting a picture or eating an ice cream cone, we can, if we pay careful attention, sometimes notice small muscle movements tracking our thoughts. A demonstration was conducted recently at the University of Iowa's summer program on social psychophysiology: An undergraduate who worked in John Cacioppo's laboratory was wired to electrodes designed to measure facial EMG, heart rate, breathing rate, and skin conductance.
Couples were most likely to show tight ANS linkage when they were engaged in harsh, tit-for-tat exchanges. No surprise, then, that in this situation, dissatisfied, angry couples showed the most physiological linkage. Tight coordination is not always an advantage. The conclusion that people feel most comfortable in well coordinated exchanges therefore requires some qualification. Although people certainly wish to participate in such interactions, sometimes a bit of spontaneity or novelty - or patience in the face of anger will be appreciated.
2. Tempo similarity. Raters were asked to rate the degree to which the two seemed to be "marching to the beat of the same drummer" (p. 246). 40 Emotional contagion 3. Coordination and smoothness. Raters were told, "Assume you are viewing a choreographed dance rather than a social interaction. " (p. 246). These researchers found that mothers were more synchronous with their own children than with unrelated children, and that this disparity increased the longer mothers and children interacted. The authors offered three suggestions as to why mother-child interactions might be unusually synchronous: 1.
Emotional Contagion by Elaine Hatfield