Even if in hindsight the tip of the chilly conflict used to be inevitable, nearly not anyone observed it coming and there's little consensus over why it ended. a favored interpretation is that the Soviet Union used to be not able to compete when it comes to energy, in particular within the zone of excessive know-how. one other interpretation supplies primacy to the hot principles Gorbachev dropped at the Kremlin and to the significance of leaders and family issues. during this quantity, favorite specialists on Soviet affairs and the chilly warfare interrogate competing interpretations within the context of 5 ''turning points'' finally of the chilly struggle. counting on new details amassed from oral background interviews and archival study, the authors draw into doubt triumphal interpretations that depend on a unmarried variable just like the enhanced energy of the us and get in touch with consciousness to the significance of ways a number of elements mixed and have been sequenced traditionally. the amount closes with chapters drawing classes from the tip of the chilly battle for either coverage making and idea construction.
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Additional info for Ending the Cold War: Interpretations, Causation, and the Study of International Relations
While no sensible person would argue that structures wholly determine policy outcomes, it is not unreasonable to suggest that, in general, they impose limits on the range of policy options that may be considered. 20 Institutional constraints apart, open-mindedness was not a quality readily associated with leaders who had been molded by those structures. The notion of according the peoples of Eastern Europe the freedom to choose their political and economic system would simply never have entered the head of a Khrushchev, Brezhnev, Andropov, or Chernenko.
5–56; William C. Wohlforth, “Realism and the End of the Cold War,” International Security 19 (Winter 1994–95), pp. 91–129; Kenneth A. ,” in Richard Ned Lebow and Thomas Risse-Kappen, International Relations Theory and the End of the Cold War (New York: Columbia University Press, 1995), pp. 57–84, describe the Cold War and bipolarity as more or less coterminous. For a review of recent historical literature sympathetic to the realist conception of the Cold War, see Howard Jones and Randall B. Woods, “The Origins of the Cold War in Europe and the Near East: Recent Historiography and the National Security Imperative,” Diplomatic History 17 (Spring 1993), pp.
For a Weberian analysis of the evolution of Marxism and its influence on Soviet foreign policy up through Gorbachev, see Stephen E. , The Crisis of Leninism and the Decline of the Left (Seattle: University of Washington Press, 1991), pp. 74–99. The standard reference for the debate in the West on the role of ideology in Soviet foreign policy is R. N. Carew Hunt, Samuel L. Sharp, and Richard Lowenthal, “Ideology and Power Politics: A Symposium,” Problems of Communism 7 (May-June 1958). , Ideology and Soviet Politics (Basingstoke: Macmillan, 1988).
Ending the Cold War: Interpretations, Causation, and the Study of International Relations by Herrman