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Improving Power Sector Efficiency With Advanced Lighting Units The Bank's 1990 Electricity Transmission and Conservation Project in Brazil aimed to increase public lighting efficiency by replacing 175-watt incandescent bulbs with 80-watt fluorescent lamps and 50-watt high-pressure sodium fluorescent lamps. Brazil has 770,000 public lighting points that operate with incandescent bulbs. The program was expected to save about 103 GWh/year, enabling the government to defer installation of 27 MW of additional capacity, with potential capital cost savings of $40 million.

In transportation, existing technologies were applied to the production of new vehicles, with consequent improvements in fuel use. Also in the developed countries, the growing demand for many energy-using consumer and producer goods, as record numbers of young people entered the age of household formation, was met in part through consumer and producer goods that incorporated newer, more energy-efficient technologies. By the mid-1980s, a large part of the capital stock of these goods consisted of household appliances and industrial motors that reflected these newer technologies.

The cement industry is government-owned and operated. A recent study of three plants managed by three of the seven government cement companies examined energy consumption patterns and constraints and identified areas where large improvements in energy efficiency could be achieved. The study concluded that Syrian cement plants were about 30 percent less efficient than similar plants in many other developing countries and identified the following categories for improvements: operational improvements involving no financial investment $2219; modifications requiring small investments $2219; long-term investments It was estimated that operational improvements alone would result in fuel and electric energy savings of about 3 percent and 15 percent, respectively, on average and would increase production by 30 percent.

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Energy Efficiency and Conservation in the Developing World: The World Bank's Role (A World Bank Policy Paper) by World Bank Group

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