By Adam Zeman, Narinder Kapur, Marilyn Jones-Gotman
Epilepsy is the commonest probably severe disease of the mind, and those sufferers frequently be afflicted by reminiscence difficulties. there are many purposes for this: seizures can at once impact the mind in ways in which disturb reminiscence; epilepsy frequently effects from difficulty in mind areas heavily associated with reminiscence; the therapy of epilepsy can have an effect on reminiscence; epilepsy could cause mental difficulties, like melancholy, which intrude with reminiscence. The examine of epilepsy and the examine of human memoryare interwoven.Epilepsy and reminiscence comprehensively experiences all features of the connection among this universal and most likely severe neurological illness and reminiscence, one of many middle services of the human brain. The authors, stated specialists of their fields, overview the background of the topic, the scientific gains of reminiscence affliction in epilepsy, neuropsychological, neuroradiological, neuropathological and electrophysiological findings, the jobs of anticonvulsant unintended effects and psychiatric affliction, and the scope for reminiscence aid and rehabilitation. The research of sufferers with epilepsy has published a lot concerning the workings of reminiscence, but there was no fresh assessment of this fertile box of analysis. This booklet fills this hole and is a priceless new addition to the mind sciences literature. it will likely be of extensive curiosity to clinicians and uncomplicated researchers within the mind sciences.
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Extra resources for Epilepsy and Memory
The language used in the description of the patients’ behaviour in Penfield and Milner’s paper is far removed from the one we associate with behaviourism and learning theory, and closer to that of William James. Terms such as ‘stream of consciousness’, ‘spotlight of attention’, and ‘memory’ itself are used unapologetically to capture accurately the phenomena in question and to speculate theoretically about them. It is interesting to muse that this disregard for behaviourist theory was possible because the two authors came from traditions that either paid little attention to such theories or that were frankly opposed to them.
In my single experience of testing him in the early 1980s, when he was in his 50s, and his brain, one assumes, had not been affected as much by aging, I asked him questions of the remote past. On learning that I came from Canada, he described in some detail his only visit to Canada, but I was informed that this was a stereotypical memory that he tells often. I also asked him who Hitler was, and the best he could say was that he was a bad man, who was “not on our side” during the war. ’s (2005) more extensive questioning about public events that occurred before his operation revealed that his knowledge of them was as detailed as that of matched controls, in marked contrast to his memory of autobiographical episodes.
As a first approximation, this is correct. However, the initial studies that called attention to the distinction between explicit memory tests that are sensitive to hippocampal lesions and those that are not, indicated that the contribution of the hippocampus to memory is different from that of the surrounding structures. The exact characterization has remained elusive, though it appears we may be converging on a consensus that hearkens back to James’ distinction between recollection and familiarity, but goes beyond it.
Epilepsy and Memory by Adam Zeman, Narinder Kapur, Marilyn Jones-Gotman