Get Fascist Italy and the Middle East, 1933-40 PDF

By N. Arielli

ISBN-10: 0230231608

ISBN-13: 9780230231603

Less than Mussolini's management, Fascist Italy sought to extend its impact within the center East. This booklet examines the motivations in the back of Italy's coverage, the varied equipment it hired and the explanations why Italian efforts eventually failed. by means of taking a look at international, colonial, cultural and armed forces policies, Fascist Italy and the center East provides a brand new and demanding interpretation of the goals and contradictions of Mussolini's Italy. It analyzes the tricky relatives among the ideological, political, strategic and spiritual pursuits that guided the Fascist regime's dealings with this zone and appears at how Italian guidelines have been propagated and bought by means of heart japanese societies. It additionally uncovers for the 1st time the grandiose plans that have been ready in the summertime of 1940 for Fascist territorial growth in Africa and the center East.

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Additional info for Fascist Italy and the Middle East, 1933-40

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Rome believed that the French were provoking a boycott movement against Italian merchandise, using Muslim propagandists for their purposes. Consequently, Palazzo Chigi proposed to create ‘secret centres of philo-Italian propaganda’ in Muslim countries, to strengthen ties with leading Muslim figures such as King Ibn Saud and ‘to spread the notion that Italy desires and augments the political and economic independence of all the countries inhabited by Muslims’. 87 On 22 May 1933 Suvich addressed the Chamber of Deputies and told them that ‘it would be well to confirm explicitly’ that Italy, which had always treated its own Muslim subjects with a longstanding respect for Islamic customs and traditions, followed the progress of the countries of the Middle East with great sympathy.

122 On the other hand at home scholars of various backgrounds published articles and books in an attempt (which was never very successful) to increase awareness in Italy of ‘eastern’ affairs. The travel writer Franco Ciarlantini accused the British of deliberately setting Arabs against Jews in Palestine. He argued that Italy was more sympathetic to Arab nationalism than Britain and that the Islamic world was turning to Fascist Italy with growing anticipation of future collaboration. The jurists Ignazio Tambaro and Gaspare Ambrosini criticized the Anglo-French mandate system.

134 However, the station’s popularity grew rapidly from 1935 onwards, partly because of its high standard of entertainment and partly because of the growing number of radio sets in the Middle East. The lack of competition from other radio stations enabled the Italians to pioneer this new method of reaching mass audiences abroad over the heads of the local political leadership. Radio had the advantage of being a public medium that could also appeal to illiterate people and could thus reach a wider audience than newspapers.

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Fascist Italy and the Middle East, 1933-40 by N. Arielli

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