Read e-book online Forbidden Friendships: Homosexuality and Male Culture in PDF

By Michael Rocke

ISBN-10: 0195122925

ISBN-13: 9780195122923

ISBN-10: 1423738756

ISBN-13: 9781423738756

"This is an excellent paintings of scholarship, very unlikely to overpraise.... It marks a milestone within the 20-year upward thrust of homosexual and lesbian studies."--Martin Duberman, The AdvocateThe males of Renaissance Florence have been so popular for sodomy that "Florenzer" in German intended "sodomite." within the overdue 15th century, as many as one in Florentine males had come to the eye of the gurus for sodomy by the point they have been thirty. In 1432 The workplace of the evening was once created in particular to police sodomy in Florence. certainly, approximately all Florentine men most likely had a few form of same-sex event as part of their "normal" sexual lifestyles. Seventy years of denunciations, interrogations, and sentencings left a very unique list, which writer Michael Rocke has utilized in his shiny depiction of this vivid sexual tradition in an international the place those same-sex acts weren't the deviant transgressions of a small minority, yet an essential component of a standard masculine identification. Rocke roots this sexual intercourse within the broader context of Renaissance Florence, with its social networks of households, juvenile gangs, acquaintances, patronage, workshops, and confraternities, and its busy political lifestyles from the early years of the Republic during the interval of Lorenzo de' Medici, Savonarola, and the start of Medici princely rule. His richly exact e-book paints a desirable photograph of Renaissance Florence and calls into query our sleek conceptions of gender and sexual identification.

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Extra info for Forbidden Friendships: Homosexuality and Male Culture in Renaissance Florence (Studies in the History of Sexuality)

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30 One manifestation of this process was the creation of several permanent judicial commissions to confront special problems, especially matters of public morality. These commissions were staffed by citizens rather than by the foreign dignitaries who presided over the traditional courts (podesta, 28 Forbidden Friendships capitano, and esecutore). Empowered to administer summary justice, the new magistracies helped to weaken the roles of the foreign rectors and gave the local patriciate more flexibility and influence in regulating these sensitive areas.

Everything unpredictable or calamitous in human experience he attributed to sodomy, from wars and floods to pestilence and plague. A vengeful God threatened to rain down fire on Florence as on Sodom and Gomorrah, an ominous refrain running through his sermons. "81 Such notions were traditional, of course. Bernardino struck a more sensitive and timely chord by calling attention to demographic problems. In this city wracked by plague, he insisted that there was an obvious link between its rampant sodomy and population decline: "You don't understand that this is the reason you have lost half your population over the last twenty-five years.

If a man was found in a garden or an edifice with a boy unrelated to him, in circumstances deemed suspicious, he could be fined 500 lire merely on the presumption of his evil intentions. This code prescribed a fine of 10 lire even for composing or singing poems or songs about sodomy, which authorities evidently feared might help popularize the practice. Following a typical medieval assumption that rich foods and sensuality went hand in hand, the statutes of the capitano (1322-1325) forbade innkeepers to serve a long list of delicacies and sweets, because they were said to attract "many boys 22 Forbidden Friendships and men" who might fall into vice and "perpetrate wicked sins that are abominable before God and men," clearly meaning sodomy.

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Forbidden Friendships: Homosexuality and Male Culture in Renaissance Florence (Studies in the History of Sexuality) by Michael Rocke


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