By Committee on Integrating the Science of Early Childhood Development, Youth, and Families Board on Children, National Research Council, Jack P. Shonkoff, Deborah A. Phillips
How we bring up kids is one in every of present day so much hugely customized and sharply politicized matters, partly simply because every one folks can declare a few point of ''expertise.'' the talk has intensified as discoveries approximately our development-in the womb and within the first months and years-have reached the preferred media. How do we use our burgeoning wisdom to guarantee the overall healthiness of all kids, for his or her personal sake, in addition to for the sake of our state? Drawing from new findings, this ebook provides very important conclusions approximately nature-versus-nurture, the effect of being born right into a operating kin, the impact of politics on courses for kids, the prices and advantages of intervention, and different matters. The committee concerns a chain of demanding situations to selection makers concerning the caliber of kid care, problems with racial and ethnic variety, the mixing of kid's cognitive and emotional improvement, and extra. Authoritative but available, ''From Neurons to Neighborhoods'' provides the proof approximately ''brain wiring'' and the way little ones discover ways to converse, imagine, and keep watch over their habit. It examines the impression of the climate-family, baby care, community-within which the kid grows.
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Extra resources for From Neurons to Neighborhoods : The Science of Early Childhood Development
Understanding this realm of influence is central to efforts to understand the nature of early experience, what shapes it, and how young children and the culture they share jointly influence each other over the course of development. The effects of culture on child development are pervasive. It prescribes how and when babies are fed, as well as where and with whom they sleep. It affects the customary response to an infant’s crying and a toddler’s temper tantrums. It sets the rules for discipline and expectations for developmental attainments.
Do childhood bullies turn into adult criminals? Do early advantages, such as a sunny disposition and skilled parents, inoculate a child from subsequent adversity? Do early harms, such as repeated exposure to family violence, impose irrevocable constraints on subsequent outcomes? ” Over the past three decades, the rate of generation of new knowledge about early childhood development has been staggering. It has led to a number of advances in both concepts and methods—and it promises to increase even further in the near future.
These concepts are especially pertinent to the literature reviewed in Part III regarding the contexts for early development. 9. The timing of early experiences can matter, but, more often than not, the developing child remains vulnerable to risks and open to protective influences throughout the early years of life and into adulthood. Human adaptation derives from both the rapid consolidation of essential capacities and lifelong flexibility to adjust to changing circumstances (see Chapter 8). Efforts to understand which aspects of development become set early on and which remain open to change have been shaped by notions of critical and sensitive periods, as well as by a growing research literature on the malleability or plasticity of the human organism.
From Neurons to Neighborhoods : The Science of Early Childhood Development by Committee on Integrating the Science of Early Childhood Development, Youth, and Families Board on Children, National Research Council, Jack P. Shonkoff, Deborah A. Phillips