By Colin Imber, Keiko Kiyotaki, Rhoads Murphey
Frontiers of Ottoman experiences presents a complete evaluate of the surge in learn into Ottoman historical past and tradition over the last twenty years. this primary quantity displays the transforming into curiosity within the provinces, groups and cultures outdoor the imperial capital of Istanbul and covers 4 significant components: politics and Islam; economic system and taxation; and improvement of Ottoman cities and Arab and Jewish groups. Chapters at the improvement of Ottoman criminal and monetary associations offer a desirable perception into the Ottoman government's interplay with the Empire's topics, whereas stories of Egypt and the Arab provinces emphasize the stirrings of Arab nationalism within the overdue 19th and 20th centuries that finally contributed to the loss of life of the Empire.
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Extra info for Frontiers of Ottoman Studies: State, Province, and the West, Volume I
This trend necessitates more careful attention to the institutional background against which the court records were produced. 3 Changes during the nineteenth century are no doubt especially significant in the history of the Ottoman sharia court. The purpose of this paper is to illustrate the reorganization of the sharia judiciary in the Tanzimat period and also to examine the underlying logic of the reforms. 44 Frontiers of Ottoman Studies Naibs in the Pre-Tanzimat Period The main characteristic of the Ottoman sharia judiciary was the integration of the kadıs’ offices into the Empire’s ruling institutions and its hierarchical organization.
In fact, an elaborate and strict hierarchy of judgeship was Politics and Islam 45 originally developed to control the number of candidates and impose order on the distribution of the right to collect fees. 7 But excessive competition led to abuses such as bribery and favouritism on the one hand, and led to the domination of several prominent ulema families of the higher offices of the ilmiye hierarchy, on the other. Since vested interests of members of the ilmiye hierarchy could not be easily infringed, even unqualified ulema would retain their offices.
1 In 2000 there were over a thousand co-educational imam hatip schools, but the number decreased substantially after the government decided that the imam hatip schools must accept only graduates who had completed the eight-year orta (mid-level) education in regular state schools. In addition, the graduates of the imam hatip schools now may enroll in only a limited choice of university faculties. A resulting decrease of interest in imam hatip schools suggests that the previous popularity of those schools was due to their having offered possibilities for lay professional training in addition to Islamic teaching.
Frontiers of Ottoman Studies: State, Province, and the West, Volume I by Colin Imber, Keiko Kiyotaki, Rhoads Murphey