By Dan Biller, Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development. Working Group on Economic Aspects of Biodiversity
Publication by means of Biller, Dan
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Additional resources for Harnessing Markets for Biodiversity: Towards Conservation and Sustainable Use
Consumption of timber for fuel purposes still dominates timber extraction in emerging markets. Despite their recent expansion, markets for forest products that are certified to be sustainably produced are still small and difficult to assess. The only available information thus far refers to the number of hectares under certification, which does not necessarily translate into products entering the market. Although market size is still unknown, a niche for certified products is gradually developing, as a result of consumers’, traders’, and wholesalers’ interests.
The technique eliminates ploughing and grading, reducing erosion and soil loss, using dead vegetation to control weeds. 38 still lag behind its conventional counterpart. For example, in The Netherlands the aim is to have 10 percent of agriculture research focus on organic issues. Latin American countries such as Cuba, Brazil and the Andean nations have on-going training and experimental organic farms linked to universities and agriculture institutes (IFOAM website). 5 ha in 1999) are steadily increasing.
In 1999, this premium ranged between EUR 227 and EUR 2 270. In 2000 and 2001, it was calculated at 65 percent of income loss, but in 2002 it will be reduced to 50 percent of these costs. Eventually, the aim is to drop the premium entirely in 2003. This reflects the attitude that instruments should focus more on facilitating market forces; therefore, it will be important to generate and spread knowledge among primary producers. Indirect aid in the form of advisory, public education and marketing support is needed to overcome information deficiencies among both producers and consumers.
Harnessing Markets for Biodiversity: Towards Conservation and Sustainable Use by Dan Biller, Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development. Working Group on Economic Aspects of Biodiversity