By Philadelphia Ricketts
This ebook offers an evocative perception into the valuables, energy, remarriage, and id of high-ranking widows in essentially diverse societies, Iceland and Yorkshire. The felony place of widows in each one area is tested in mild of proof from charters, royal files and sagas to set up a close photo of perform. comparability and relatives reconstruction are vital components, allowing the e-book to stress the situation of widows in the context of society and its associations, and to think about totally the impression of person situations at the widows’ possibilities for motion. the outcome bargains a clean technique that checks extensively authorised generalizations approximately widows’ independence, highlights ameliorations among areas, and indicates the necessity to re-evaluate conventional, inflexible definitions of kinship platforms.
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Extra info for High-Ranking Widows in Medieval Iceland and Yorkshire: Property, Power, Marriage and Identity in the Twelfth and Thirteenth Centuries
A woman might thereby gain (or lose out) by acquiring (or not acquiring) a share of inheritance in opposition to that dictated by custom, as a result of internal family arrangements or less commonly the interests of her chieftain. One daughter might be given an equal share of family property alongside all her brothers, because it suited her family’s interests to have a financially attractive marriage partner among their numbers. Yet another might receive no inheritance because it was better politically for her family to see the bulk of wealth pass to one of her brothers.
CHAPTER TWO SOURCES This chapter is concerned with the main sources to be used to assess the property, power, marriage and identity of widows, and to undertake the family reconstruction fundamental to this, in twelfth- and thirteenth-century Iceland and Yorkshire. These sources are the Icelandic and English legal statements, the contemporary sagas and charters. They vary considerably in form, content, nature and usefulness. Even where apparently similar, for example, legal statements, they differ significantly between Iceland and England.
Wormald, Making of English Law, 362, 400–1. 25 Wormald, Making of English Law, 400. C. W. Greenway, eds, English Historical Documents, 1042–1189 (London, 1953), vol. 2, p. 400. 27 For a detailed discussion of this point, see Stafford, ‘Laws of Cnut’, 178–83. 28 Stafford, ‘Laws of Cnut’, 187; P&M, vol. 1, p. 95. 21 sources 29 subjects. If so, they are not far removed from the consensual law of Grágás in these areas, in that they also set some parameters and state social norms. However, they are very limited in their coverage, and are in no way comparable to the kind of general guide to practice that Grágás appears to represent.
High-Ranking Widows in Medieval Iceland and Yorkshire: Property, Power, Marriage and Identity in the Twelfth and Thirteenth Centuries by Philadelphia Ricketts