By Brian Parkinson
A transparent and concise evaluation of cutting-edge reasearch into emotion targeting cognitive appraisal, physically alterations, motion trends and expressive screens.
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Additional info for Ideas and Realities of Emotion (International Library of Psychology)
In other words, I am conforming to shared expectations about how I should act which are based on a common-sense model of a morally binding relationship between appraisal and emotion. I get angry because I understand that the situation ought to have demanded such a reaction in the first place, and replaying the original encounter before my mind’s eye, I can work up the relevant appraisals quite easily in imaginary rather than real time. I think to myself something like: ‘So when he was talking to me he was really saying that’ and the actual cause of my anger is the fact that as socialized moral agents we have been taught to believe that people should not easily get away with such transgressions.
Correspondingly, in the laboratory, stimuli are presented to passive participants who then rate their reactions, or have their emotional responses measured in some other way (using facial movements, physiological reactions, and so on). It is imagined that this approach somehow isolates the distilled essence of emotional response, away from the selfpresentational distortions that are characteristic of everyday social life, and the complications brought on by confounding variables of all kinds. However, if we look closer at the standard experimental situation in which intrapsychic emotion is studied, it becomes clear that more than individual emotion is involved even here.
In this chapter, I want to argue that the main problem with appraisal theory is not that it is false, but that it is true in a different way than is commonly supposed by its proponents. Rather than containing propositions about empirical realities of emotion, appraisal theory is mainly a formalization of common-sense cultural definitions of emotion. One of the ways that we know that someone (including ourselves) is emotional is by reference to the evaluative and judgemental aspects of their talk and action.
Ideas and Realities of Emotion (International Library of Psychology) by Brian Parkinson