By Charles Elachi, Jakob van Zyl(auth.), Jin Au Kong(eds.)
Chapter 1 advent (pages 1–21):
Chapter 2 Nature and houses of Electromagnetic Waves (pages 23–50):
Chapter three sturdy Surfaces Sensing within the noticeable and close to Infrared (pages 51–123):
Chapter four Solid?Surface Sensing: Thermal Infrared (pages 125–163):
Chapter five Solid?Surface Sensing: Microwave Emission (pages 165–199):
Chapter 6 Solid?Surface Sensing: Microwave and Radio Frequencies (pages 201–340):
Chapter 7 Ocean floor Sensing (pages 341–384):
Chapter eight uncomplicated rules of Atmospheric Sensing and Radiative move (pages 385–412):
Chapter nine Atmospheric distant Sensing within the Microwave zone (pages 413–448):
Chapter 10 Millimeter and Submillimeter Sensing of Atmospheres (pages 449–466):
Chapter eleven Atmospheric distant Sensing within the seen and Infrared (pages 467–506):
Chapter 12 Ionospheric Sensing (pages 507–517):
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Extra resources for Introduction to the Physics and Techniques of Remote Sensing, Second Edition
An incident wave interacts with the object and the scattered wave is modulated by a number of interaction processes that contain the “fingerprints” of the object. In some cases, the object itself is the source and the radiated wave contains information about its properties. A part of the scattered or radiated wave is then collected by a collector, focused on a detector, and its properties measured. An inverse process is then used to infer the properties of the object from the measured properties of the received wave.
The solid angle ⍀ subtended by area A on a spherical surface is equal to the area A divided by the square of the radius of the sphere. Radiant intensity. The radiant intensity of a point source in a given direction is the radiant flux per unit solid angle leaving the source in that direction. Radiance. The radiant flux per unit solid angle leaving an extended source in a given direction per unit projected area in that direction (see Fig. 2-10). If the radiance does not change as a function of the direction of emission, the source is called Lambertian.
The presence of clouds leads to additional opacity due to absorption and scattering by cloud drops. This limits the observation capabilities in the visible, infrared, and submillimeter regions. In the microwave and radio frequency regions, clouds are basically transparent. In the case of the other planets, more extreme conditions are encountered. In the case of Mercury and the Moon, no significant atmosphere exists, and the whole electromagnetic spectrum can be used for surface observation. qxd 1/20/2006 12:49 PM Page 18 Figure 1-16.
Introduction to the Physics and Techniques of Remote Sensing, Second Edition by Charles Elachi, Jakob van Zyl(auth.), Jin Au Kong(eds.)