By David Nicolle, Angus McBride
As early because the eleventh century, Italian conflict was once constructing alongside traces that have been targeted in medieval Europe. This fragmented, cosmopolitan area, more and more wealthy from foreign exchange, observed the increase of self sufficient towns capable of fund armies of city defense force, occasionally defying the normal feudal aristocracy. in contrast heritage nearby powers - the Normans, the Papacy, the German Emperors, the Angevins and Aragonese - manoeuvred for virtue. This engrossing account of the armies of northern and southern Italy - their enterprise, command constitution, process, strategies and fortifications - is illustrated with infrequent manuscript photos, diagrams of fortifications, and 8 amazing color plates displaying armour and guns of every kind.
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Extra resources for Italian Medieval Armies 1000-1300
Life cycle schooling and dynamic selection bias: Models and evidence for five cohorts of American males. Journal of Political Economy, 106(2), 262–333. Chiuri, M. C. (2000). Quality and demand of child care and female labour supply in Italy. Labour, 14(1), 97–118. , & Del Boca, D. (1990). The effect of taxes on labour supply in Italy. Journal of Human Resources, 25(3), 390–414. , & Di Tommaso, M. L. (1996). Is the preference for children so low or is the price of time so high? A simultaneous model of fertility and participation in Italy.
2 Ordered probit estimates of female participation: territorial characteristics Variables coeff. z-stat. Marginal effects (%) Geographic area (ref. 56 Note: No. 00] Robust z statistics in square brackets (absolute values). 3 Ordered probit estimates of female participation Variables coeff. z-stat. Marginal effects (%) Women’s education (ref. 611 Women’s age (ref. 5), including job qualification, age by classes and education. 4 Ordered probit estimates of female participation Variables coeff. z-stat.
We are grateful to Renata Bottazi, Luigi Cannari, Giovanni D’Alessio and Federico Signorini for their helpful comments. Although the paper is a collective work, Sects. 2 are to be attributed to Piero Casadio; Sects. 7 to Martina Lo Conte; Sects. 6 to Andrea Neri. A. Neri (&) Á P. it P. it M. L. it T. Addabbo and G. 1007/978-3-7908-2106-2_3, Ó Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2012 39 40 A. Neri et al. Numerous explanations for this apparent anomaly have been advanced in the literature, and they generally cite social and cultural aspects, rigidities in the labour market, and inefficiencies in the child-care system.
Italian Medieval Armies 1000-1300 by David Nicolle, Angus McBride