Read e-book online Iterated Prisoners' Dilemma: 20 Years On PDF

By Graham Kendall

ISBN-10: 9812706976

ISBN-13: 9789812706973

In 1984, Robert Axelrod released a ebook, touching on the tale of 2 competitions which he ran, the place invited lecturers entered thoughts for the Iterated Prisoners' challenge. The booklet, virtually two decades on, continues to be greatly learn and stated through teachers and the overall public.As a party of that landmark paintings, we have now recreated these competitions to have fun its twentieth anniversary, via back inviting lecturers to put up prisoners' challenge recommendations. the 1st of those new competitions used to be run in July 2004, and the second one in April 2005. Iterated Prisoners' hindrance: two decades On primarily presents an replace of the Axelrod's book.Specifically, it• provides the prisoners' predicament, its background and variations• Highlights unique Axelrod's paintings and its influence• Discusses result of new competitions• Showcases chosen papers that mirror the newest researches within the region

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Additional info for Iterated Prisoners' Dilemma: 20 Years On

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More Effective Choices in the Prisoner’s Dilemma, J. Conflict Resolution, 24, pp. 379-403. Axelrod R. M. (1984). The Evolution of Cooperation (BASIC Books, New York). Axelrod R. and D’Ambrosio L. (1995). Announcement for Bibliography on the Evolution of Cooperation, Journal of Conflict Resolution 39, pp. 190. Axelrod R. (1997). The Compleity of Cooperation (Princeton University Press). Birk A. (1999). Evolution of Continuous Degrees of Cooperations in an N-Player Iterated Prisoner’s Dilemma, Technical Report under review, Vrije Universiteit Brussel, AI-Laboratory.

A population of ESS must be evolutionarily stable because it is impossible for any mutant to invade it. Many biologists and sociologists attempt to explain animal and human behavior and social structures in terms of ESS [Cohen and Machalek (1988); Mealey (1995)]. However, a dynamic game is not necessarily converging to a stable state in which ESS is prevalent. For example, using a spatial model in which each individual plays the Prisoner’s Dilemma with his or her neighbors, Nowak and May (1992, 1993) show that the result of the game depends on the specific form of the payoff matrix.

Chong et al. cooperated. CTFT can correct its unintended defection in a noisy environment. If one of two CTFT players defects, the defecting player will contritely cooperate on the next move and the other player will defect, and then both will be content to cooperate on the following move. However, CTFT is not effective at correcting the other player’s error. For example, if CTFT is playing TFT and the TFT player defected by accident, the retaliation will continue until another error occurs. In an ecological simulation with noise, GTFT and CTFT competed with the 63 rules of the Second Round of the Computer Tournament for the Prisoner’s Dilemma [Axelrod (1984)].

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Iterated Prisoners' Dilemma: 20 Years On by Graham Kendall

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