Download e-book for kindle: Linden's Handbook of Batteries, 4th Edition by Thomas Reddy

By Thomas Reddy

ISBN-10: 007162421X

ISBN-13: 9780071624213

The main entire and updated consultant to battery expertise and choice completely revised all through, Lindens guide of Batteries, Fourth variations offers authoritative insurance of the features, houses, and function of each significant battery kind. New details on rising battery structures and their purposes is incorporated during this definitive quantity. foreign specialists provide extraordinary technical advice on utilizing modern applied sciences, fabrics, and strategies in new designs and items, and choosing the main appropriate battery for a selected software. all the in-depth info you would like is contained during this complete source. The ebook might be valuable to graduate scholars, battery researchers, functions engineers, and all others attracted to the cutting-edge in battery expertise. Lindens instruction manual of Batteries, Fourth version covers: - ideas OF OPERATION - basic AND SECONDARY BATTERIES - really expert BATTERY platforms - gas CELLS AND ELECTROCHEMICAL CAPACITORS

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Additional info for Linden's Handbook of Batteries, 4th Edition

Example text

This is accomplished with the use of a porous electrode design. A porous electrode can provide an interfacial area per unit volume several decades higher than that of a planar electrode (such as 104 cm-1). A porous electrode consists of porous matrices of solids and void spaces. The electrolyte penetrates the void spaces of the porous matrix. In such an active porous mass, the mass transfer condition in conjunction with the electrochemical reaction occurring at the interface is very complicated.

The value of the transfer coefficient can be determined by measuring the exchange current density as a function of the concentration of the reduction or oxidation species at a constant concentration of the oxidation of reduction species, respectively. A schematic representation of the forward and backward currents as a function of overvoltage, η = E − Ee, is shown in Fig. 6, where the net current is the sum of the two components. For situations where the net current is not zero—that is, where the potential is sufficiently different from the equilibrium potential—the net current approaches the net forward current (or, for anodic overvoltages, the backward current).

37). REFERENCES 1. D. Linden and T. B. Reddy, Battery Power and Products Technology, vol. 5, no. 2, pp. 10–12, March/April 2008. 2. M. Winter and R. Brodd, Chemical Reviews, vol. 104, 4245–4270, 2004. 1 INTRODUCTION Batteries and fuel cells are electrochemical devices that convert chemical energy into electrical energy by electrochemical oxidation and reduction reactions, which occur at the electrodes. A cell consists of an anode where oxidation takes place during discharge, a cathode where reduction takes place, and an electrolyte which conducts the current (via ions) within the cell.

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Linden's Handbook of Batteries, 4th Edition by Thomas Reddy

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