By Chris Wickham
Medieval Rome analyses the heritage of town of Rome among 900 and 1150, a interval of significant swap within the urban. This quantity does not in simple terms search to inform the tale of the town from the conventional Church viewpoint; as an alternative, it engages in experiences of the city's processions, fabric tradition, criminal ameliorations, and feel of the prior, trying to get to the bottom of the complexities of Roman cultural identification, together with its city economic climate, social heritage as obvious around the assorted strata of society, and the articulation among the city's regions.
This new technique serves to underpin a massive reinterpretation of Rome's political background within the period of the 'reform papacy', one of many maximum crises in Rome's background, which had a resonance around the complete continent. Medieval Rome is the main systematic research ever made from and a part centuries of Rome's background, one that observed centuries of balance undermined by means of exterior hindrance and the lengthy interval of reconstruction which undefined.
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Extra resources for Medieval Rome: Stability and Crisis of a City, 900-1150
For the Tuscolani, Herrmann, Das Tuskulanerpapsttum, pp. 5–24. 33 Halphen, Études, is the clear exception here. 34 Their aim was essentially the creation of a documentary base for the study of the history of the city, which could thus be seen independently of the papal narrative. This took them into the reconstruction of Roman noble families in the tenth and eleventh centuries, as the structuring element in local politics, and often a truly difﬁcult challenge—there are at least three rival versions of the genealogy of the Crescenzi, for example (see below, pp.
35–40, 60–1. 10 See in particular Frugoni, Arnaldo di Brescia, for a case study. g. Wickham, The Mountains; Community and Clientele; Courts and Conﬂict, the book whose focus links best with this one. g. Wickham, The Inheritance, pp. 15–16. 13 Toubert, Les structures, pp. 3–37; Hubert, Espace urbain, pp. 9–16; di Carpegna Falconieri, Il clero di Roma, pp. 309–21. Kehr, Italia pontiﬁcia, I, also described Rome’s archives in great detail, although, a century later, some of his information is out of date.
It may be added that the history of the southern Italian principalities (itself lacking a good monographic synthesis) has seldom recognized the strong similarities that the Roman region—roughly presentday Lazio, then somewhat generically called the Patrimonium or territorium S. Petri—had with Benevento, Naples, Capua, or Salerno, at least in the ﬁrst half of the period covered by this book. g. below, pp. 455–7). But one of the main turning points in this book will be the breakdown of traditional government in the wars of the late eleventh century, and its substitution at a local level by new political structures which were invented locally; and this means that the main points of comparison have to be northwards, with the larger cities of communal Italy—‘larger’, because it seems to me that only cities of a reasonably substantial size and complexity are proper comparators here.
Medieval Rome: Stability and Crisis of a City, 900-1150 by Chris Wickham