By Gérard Emilien, Cécile Durlach, Elena Antoniadis, Martial Van der Linden, Jean-Marie Maloteaux
Reminiscence: Neuropsychological, Imaging and Psychopharmacological views experiences significantly the impression of contemporary neuropsychological and organic discoveries on our figuring out of human reminiscence and its pathology. Too frequently, insights from medical, neurological and psychopharmacological fields have remained remoted and together unintelligible. as a result the 1st a part of this booklet presents either clinicians and neuroscientists with a vast view of the neuropsychology of reminiscence, and the psychobiological methods it contains, together with fresh advances from imaging know-how and psychopharmacology examine. within the moment half the authors pass directly to hide a finished diversity of reminiscence tests, dysfunctions, impairments and coverings. This compendium of present study findings will end up a useful source for an individual learning, discovering or working towards within the box of reminiscence and its problems.
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Extra resources for Memory: Neuropsychological, Imaging and Psychopharmacological Perspectives
In the first case, the elderly have a poorer performance when, for example, they are asked to carry out two tasks (dual task procedure) indicating that the central executive is performing less adequately in the elderly than in the younger group. In studies of Alzheimer’s disease, it has been suggested that the low performance rates attained by AD patients in the Brown–Peterson task is due to a dysfunction of the central executive, which would otherwise allow the subject to review the items while doing the distracting tasks (Morris, 1986).
In a study that assessed repetition priming in two different tasks within a single experiment —one in which subjects named briefly (tachistoscopically) presented words, and one requiring naming of visually fragmented/degraded words— performance of amnesic patients, AD patients, and normal controls was assessed (Ostergaard, 1994). The two tasks produced very different patterns of priming effects, despite the fact that common study phases were used. The AD patients evidenced impaired priming in both tasks.
Explicit retrospective remembering and instructions to retrieve are provided immediately prior to the opportunity to demonstrate retention. It is possible that variables interfering with the regular initiation of instruction retrieval would lead to dissociations between retrospective and prospec- tive task performance. , 1997). , 1995). Resources may be occupied by distracting, task-irrelevant intrusions. , 1999). The involved executive functions might include encoding–planning the prospective memory task and inhibiting ongoing activity, and organising the execution of the intended activity This study also suggests that hippocampal functioning may influence prospective memory, perhaps in the service of retrieving the intended activity during presentation of the target event.
Memory: Neuropsychological, Imaging and Psychopharmacological Perspectives by Gérard Emilien, Cécile Durlach, Elena Antoniadis, Martial Van der Linden, Jean-Marie Maloteaux