By Stanley Finger
Attractively illustrated with over 100 halftones and drawings, this quantity provides a sequence of bright profiles that hint the evolution of our wisdom in regards to the brain.
starting virtually 5000 years in the past, with the traditional Egyptian learn of "the marrow of the skull," Stanley Finger takes us on a desirable trip from the classical global of Hippocrates, to the time of Descartes and the period of Broca and Ramon y Cajal, to fashionable researchers resembling Sperry. here's a really notable forged of characters. We meet Galen, a guy of gigantic ego and abrasive disposition, whose teachings ruled medication for 1000 years; Vesalius, a modern of Copernicus, who driven our knowing of human anatomy to new heights; Otto Loewi, pioneer in neurotransmitters, who gave the Nazis his Nobel prize cash and fled Austria for England; and Rita Levi-Montalcini, discoverer of nerve development issue, who in war-torn Italy used to be pressured to do her study in her bed room. for every person, Finger examines the philosophy, the instruments, the books, and the tips that introduced new insights. Finger additionally seems to be at broader topics--how based are researchers at the paintings of others? What makes the time ripe for discovery? And what function does probability or serendipity play? And he contains many desirable history figures to boot, from Leonardo da Vinci and Emanuel Swedenborg to Karl August Weinhold--who claimed to have reanimated a lifeless cat by means of filling its cranium with silver and zinc--and Mary Shelley, whose Frankenstein was once encouraged by way of such experiments.
vast ranging in scope, imbued with an infectious spirit of event, listed below are bright photographs of giants within the box of neuroscience--remarkable people who stumbled on new how one can take into consideration the equipment of the brain.
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Extra info for Minds behind the Brain: A History of the Pioneers and Their Discoveries
The jars represent the four sons of Horus and were used to house the liver, the lungs, the stomach, and the intestines. The brain was discarded, and the heart was considered too important to remove from the body. ) This page intentionally left blank _3. Hippocrates The Brain as the Organ of Mind Wherefore the heart and the diaphragm are particularly sensitive, they have nothing to do, however, with the operations of the understanding, but of all these the brain is the cause. —Hippocrates, c 400 ac Three Faces of Greece In order to understand the Hippocratic revolution in medicine and how it led to the perception of the brain as the ruling member of the body, we must think of ancient Greece at three different but unequal points in time.
C. but emigrated to Croton, a Greek city in southern Italy. He and his students were intrigued by numbers and the notion of balance. In particular, four was a particularly important number to the Pythagoreans. It represented a perfect balance or harmony between two pairs of opposites. For Empedocles, an early-fifth-century Pythagorean, the universe was composed of two pairs of elements: earth and water plus air and fire. Although these paired elements were initially associated with dry and wet, and cold and hot, respectively, they slowly began to be associated with two qualities each and bodily fluids called humors.
In particular, four was a particularly important number to the Pythagoreans. It represented a perfect balance or harmony between two pairs of opposites. For Empedocles, an early-fifth-century Pythagorean, the universe was composed of two pairs of elements: earth and water plus air and fire. Although these paired elements were initially associated with dry and wet, and cold and hot, respectively, they slowly began to be associated with two qualities each and bodily fluids called humors. It would be within this Pythagorean framework, and without recourse to the supernatural, that the Hippocratic physicians of Greece's Golden Age would try to maintain health and tend to their sick or injured patients.
Minds behind the Brain: A History of the Pioneers and Their Discoveries by Stanley Finger