By J. Gamble
This ebook investigates the move of dad or mum nation organizational practices via the shops to their chinese language subsidiaries, supplying insights into employment family in multinational retail organisations and altering labour-management structures in China, in addition to their influence on purchaser tradition.
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Extra resources for Multinational Retailers and Consumers in China: Transferring Organizational Practices from the United Kingdom and Japan
In addition to the limited range of consumer goods available, wage levels were relatively egalitarian and generally low. There was no market for high cost goods. There was also heavy reliance upon payment and beneﬁts in kind, such as housing and subsidized meals in works’ canteens, with work units, or danwei, sharing many characteristics of ‘total institutions’ (Shenkar, 1996). Maoist economic policies were backed up by an austere, puritanical ethos. From the mid-1950s, China’s Retail Sector in Context 21 ‘conspicuous consumption and individual wealth creation were largely regarded as hostile acts by the CCP’ (Goodman, 1996: 227).
A further limitation of the national business systems approach, which became apparent in the analysis of UK-Store and its China subsidiary, is that inputs to the ﬁrm’s organizational milieu are diverse and cannot be captured by the notion of a homogenous national business system; it is difﬁcult to state categorically what is ‘British’ about UK-Store. Since its establishment in the late 1960s, the company has copied elements, such as aspects of store layout and the company uniform, from the American retailer Home Depot.
The ﬁrst store had 190 employees and the second 185 employees. The research at a parent country store in London provided a basis for comparison. Rather than compare ideal type models of Western HRM and state enterprise practices, the interview based case study approach enabled the author to elicit employees’ reports of their own experiences of differing HRM regimes. Chinese employees were asked to contrast their experiences at UK-Store with those in their previous employers. This provided comparisons of HRM practices in a foreign invested enterprise against workers own reports of actual practices in other workplaces in China.
Multinational Retailers and Consumers in China: Transferring Organizational Practices from the United Kingdom and Japan by J. Gamble