By Patricia Knight
The early 20th century in Italy used to be a very important interval in its historical past. Mussolini and Fascism surveys all of the vital matters and issues of the interval together with the origins and upward push of Fascism, Mussolini as leading Minister and Dictator, the Totalitarian nation, overseas coverage and the second one global battle. It additionally examines how Italian Fascism in comparison to different inter-war dictatorships.
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Extra info for Mussolini and Fascism
In its substance it will be clearly anti-democratic and anti-socialist . . if you present a bill for the eight-hour day, we shall vote for it. . We shall not oppose; indeed, we shall vote in favour of all measures intended to improve our body of social legislation. . But let me warn you at once that we shall resist with all our strength any attempt at socialization, collectivism and state socialism! . Fascism does not preach and does not practise anti-clericalism . . I believe and affirm that the Latin and Imperial traditions of Rome are today represented by Catholicism .
Mussolini’s power was not absolute. In theory the King could dismiss him, and the Senate, the army and the Church remained relatively independent. In spite of some attempts to purge them, institutions such as the civil service continued to function largely as before. But there was little doubt that by the end of 1926 Mussolini had succeeded in destroying the Italian constitution and had replaced it with a dictatorship. ANALYSIS: WHAT FACTORS ASSISTED MUSSOLINI IN HIS ESTABLISHMENT OF A DICTATORSHIP?
In the last resort he had not taken power but been given it by politicians who were not averse to using him for their own ends. ’11 Questions 1. Was it the weakness of the opposition rather than the strength of the Fascists which enabled Mussolini to become Prime Minister in 1922? 2. Describe the main stages by which Fascism developed into an effective political movement between March 1919 and the march on Rome in October 1922. 3. Why was Mussolini appointed Prime Minister in 1922? 24 THE RISE OF FASCISM SOURCES 1.
Mussolini and Fascism by Patricia Knight