By Desmond Gregory
This is often the 1st booklet in English dedicated to the heritage of Italy as an entire lower than the guideline of Napoleon Bonaparte. Drawing principally on revealed fundamental assets and the big variety of secondary works which were written in French and Italian, it seeks to give a balanced precis of conclusions reached through historians. Napoleon's Italy addresses the resource of Napoleon's persisted curiosity in Italy, exploring not just his obvious intentions in regards to the way forward for that nation however the impression of fifteen years of Napoleonic rule. This publication examines the influence of his endured curiosity in Italy at the country's economic system in its a variety of and numerous areas; on its criminal, judicial, and administrative platforms; and on Napoleon's use of Italy's conscripted armies. It assesses the measure of help and hostility his rule got, in addition to the character of the resistance to it. eventually, this ebook seeks to compute what kind of legacy Napoleon's rule has left in the back of in Italy. Desmond Gregory has released extensively, together with 8 educational heritage books.
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Additional info for Napoleon's Italy: Desmond Gregory
He also saw the value of winning the support of the Neapolitan Bourbons, provided he could secure their agreement not to assist the British ﬂeet and to lend him the use of their 54 NAPOLEON’S ITALY ports in Apulia, from which he could send his troops to Egypt. Accordingly, in March 1801, a treaty of peace was signed at Florence by which Ferdinand agreed to pay half a million francs as indemnity for excesses during the counterrevolution, to allow the return of political exiles, to renounce in favor of Tuscany Porto Longone on the island of Elba, Piombino and the Presidii, and close his ports to British and Turks.
Ex-Duke Serbelloni went to Paris to try to obtain less onerous terms, but all he got from Talleyrand was a reduction in the size of the army from 30,000 to 22,000. 19 The arrival of the Austrians at the end of April put an end to the 2: MELZI AND THE ITALIAN REPUBLIC 55 First Cisalpine Republic. What followed for the next thirteen months was a reign of terror for Jacobins, accompanied by onerous taxation. All laws passed by the Cisalpine Republic were declared to be null and void. Church property that had been sold to individuals was seized but not returned to the Church.
Though at ﬁrst unwilling to recognize a pope elected under Austrian inﬂuence, Napoleon soon decided that Pius was not the Austrian puppet he had feared, and a man with whom he could do business. He was eager for political reasons to reach an agreement with the Catholic Church, ﬁrst in France and then in Italy. When he entered the cathedral in Milan on 5 June 1800, he hastened to assure the assembled congregation that ‘‘the Fench are of the same religion as you. ’’14 Negotiations for a concordat followed.
Napoleon's Italy: Desmond Gregory by Desmond Gregory