Download e-book for kindle: Neural Networks and Psychopathology: Connectionist Models in by Dan J. Stein

By Dan J. Stein

ISBN-10: 0521571634

ISBN-13: 9780521571630

Examine on connectionist versions is without doubt one of the most enjoyable parts in cognitive technology, and neural community versions of psychopathology have speedy theoretical and empirical charm. The individuals to this pioneering ebook assessment theoretical, old and medical concerns, together with the contribution of neural community types to prognosis, pharmacotherapy, and psychotherapy. The textual content provides types for quite a number problems, together with schizophrenia, obsessive-compulsive sickness, disassociative phenomena, autism, and Alzheimer's illness. This quantity may be learn with curiosity by way of psychiatrists, psychologists and different clinicians and researchers in psychopathology. also, it's going to entice these operating within the fields of cognitive technology and synthetic intelligence, and especially these drawn to neural community or connectionist types.

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Extra resources for Neural Networks and Psychopathology: Connectionist Models in Practice and Research

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The diagnosis of mental symptoms (symptom recognition) has, on the other hand, received less attention in the literature. For some reason, it has been assumed that psychiatric diagnosis is more problematic and that mental symptoms are easy to recognize (Berrios and Chen, 1993; see below). g. g. identi®cation of individual symptoms) (Berrios and Chen, 1993). In such trees, individual loci represent the status of the decisional process at a moment in time, as it progresses in discrete steps. One wellknown problem with such algorithms is deciding on whether there is a `natural' ordinal sequence for decisions or whether an `arbitrary' hierarchy should be imposed.

A difference in time is thereby translated into a point on a spatial map. This example shows that neurons within this system are capable of detecting the coincidence of two incoming spikes and thereby process information much more quickly and ef®ciently than by using a frequency code. e. the human cortex. One argument in favour of such a view draws upon evolutionary considerations. It stipulates that, given neurons have been shown to be capable of using highly ef®cient time codes, it does not make sense to assume that they do so only in special cases, such as in the auditory system of the owl and some other species.

M. (1976). Freud's Project Re-assessed. New York: Basic Books. , Ruppin, E. & Berndt, R. ) (1997). Neural Modeling of Brain and Cognitive Disorders. Singapore: World Scienti®c Press. H. L. (1956/1988). Tests on a cell assembly theory of the action of the brain, using a large digital computer. In Neurocomputing. Foundations of Research, ed. A. Anderson & E. Rosenfeld, pp. 68±79. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press. Rosenblatt, F. (1958/1988). The perceptron: a probabilistic model for information storage and organization in the brain.

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Neural Networks and Psychopathology: Connectionist Models in Practice and Research by Dan J. Stein

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