By Isabella Buber, Alexia Prskawetz (auth.), Dr. Tomáš Kučera, Dr. Olga V. Kučerová, Dr. Oksana B. Opara, Prof. Dr. Eberhard Schaich (eds.)
Over the decade, Europe has skilled not just sweeping political, fiscal and social adjustments but in addition turbulent demographic advancements with a purpose to to an exceptional volume impact the sector, its international locations and their populations. The booklet provides a entire evaluation of the new demographic tendencies within the international locations of relevant and japanese Europe targeting such serious concerns as fertility decline, adjustments in mortality, migration dynamics, acceleration of inhabitants getting older and destructive inhabitants progress. The authors additionally talk about in what methods matters with the inhabitants concerns have developed on the subject of the specificity of nationwide, historic, fiscal or cultural heritage and the way those concerns are being at present addressed and articulated by way of expert demographers, governmental professionals and broader public community.
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Extra resources for New Demographic Faces of Europe: The Changing Population Dynamics in Countries of Central and Eastern Europe
4% three or more abortions (Shakhotska, op. 5 Sources: Goskomstat RE, 1999a, p. 203; Goskomstat RB, 1999b, p. 42 It is widely known that abortions very often have negative effects on women's health and may lead to secondary infertility, which in turn may affect the decline in fertility. 6% in the rural areas). Even in Minsk, the capital of Belarus and the largest city in the republic, only 60% of all respondents indicated use of contraceptives (Shakhotska, op. ). The most commonly used contraceptive was IUD, as indicated by every third woman respondent in this survey.
But the biggest concern is the fluctuation of life expectancy and mortality rates during last 25 years. Life expectancy has been also lagging behind the economically developed countries. This situation is not new, however. The high mortality trends that we described above have continued to hold since the beginning of the 1960s. The current social and economic crisis and the deteriorating ecological situation negatively affect population health and mortality levels. Mortality is likely to stay at high levels long into the future.
There is a need for a long-term government programme that would address protection and support of the population's health. The draft of the programme "Health" has already been developed. According to this programme, the state should provide basic medical services and emergency medical help, monitor and deal with infectious and other serious diseases, and support health care for mothers and children. ). With the understanding that the complex goal of improving the population health cannot be achieved solely by reforming the health care system, the government programme also plans to promote healthy life styles in which people are responsible for their own health and their children's health.
New Demographic Faces of Europe: The Changing Population Dynamics in Countries of Central and Eastern Europe by Isabella Buber, Alexia Prskawetz (auth.), Dr. Tomáš Kučera, Dr. Olga V. Kučerová, Dr. Oksana B. Opara, Prof. Dr. Eberhard Schaich (eds.)