By Kinga Pozniak
In 1949 building of the deliberate city of Nowa Huta started at the outskirts of Kraków, Poland. Its centerpiece, the Lenin Steelworks, promised a safe destiny for staff and their households. by way of the Eighties, in spite of the fact that, the increase of the cohesion move and the resultant surprise remedy application of the early Nineties speedily transitioned the rustic from socialism to a market-based financial system, and Nowa Huta fell on not easy times.
Kinga Pozniak exhibits how the amazing political, financial, and social upheavals because the finish of the second one international struggle have profoundly formed the historic reminiscence of those occasions within the minds of the folks who lived via them. via wide interviews, she unearths 3 exact, generationally dependent framings of the previous. those that outfitted the city bear in mind the may of neighborhood and abundant jobs. the subsequent new release skilled the uprisings of the Eighties and recollects the repression and disorder of the socialist approach and their resistance to it. Today’s iteration has no direct adventure with both socialism or team spirit, but as citizens of Nowa Huta they endure the stigma of lower-class stereotyping and marginalization from different Poles.
Pozniak examines the criteria that bring about the rewriting of background and the formation of reminiscence, and using background to maintain present political and fiscal agendas. She unearths that regardless of makes an attempt to create a unmarried, hegemonic imaginative and prescient of the earlier and a course for the longer term, those discourses are continually contested—a dynamic that, for the citizens of Nowa Huta, permits them to adapt as their own adventure tells them.
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Extra info for Nowa Huta: Generations of Change in a Model Socialist Town
The present Pharaoh was uneasy about the independent power of the Hebrews, fearing they could form alliances with his enemies or fight directly against Egypt. “Therefore they did set over them taskmasters to afflict them with their burdens” (Exodus 1:11). But the Israelites still multiplied, even under conditions of slavery. Next, the Pharaoh turned to genocide. He ordered that all male children born to the Israelites be thrown in the Nile. Moses (“drawn from the water”), a child of the tribe of Levites, was three months old when he was set afloat in an ark of bulrushes.
And the Lord went before them by day in a pillar of a cloud, to lead them the way; and by night in a pillar of fire, to give them light; to go by day and night. (Exodus 13:21) God again turned the heart of Pharaoh to anger, “that I will gain glory for myself over Pharaoh and all his army; and the Egyptians shall know 2 The New Year was later moved to the Fall. See appendix 3 for the holiday calendar. 3 Isaiah, 45:7. 58 exodus that I am the Lord” (Exodus 14:4 NRSV). The Israelites were camped along the banks of the Red Sea when the Egyptian army came after them.
The Egyptian magicians did the same, but Aaron’s serpent consumed them all. Next, a cruel series of ten plagues of increasing severity came upon the land. The first nine included the waters turning to blood, followed by infestations of frogs, gnats, flies, pestilence, boils, hail, locusts, then darkness covering the land for three days. At first, the Egyptian magicians duplicated the plagues, leaving Pharaoh unmoved at this contest between the God of Israel and the gods of Egypt. But as the plagues increased in severity, the Egyptian magicians were unable to replicate them, telling Pharaoh, “This is the finger of God” (Exodus 8:19).
Nowa Huta: Generations of Change in a Model Socialist Town by Kinga Pozniak