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ISBN-10: 0199591083

ISBN-13: 9780199591084

The sea is helping reasonable weather switch due to its substantial capability to shop CO2, during the mixed activities of ocean physics, chemistry, and biology. This garage capability limits the quantity of human-released CO2 ultimate within the surroundings. As CO2 reacts with seawater, it generates dramatic adjustments in carbonate chemistry, together with decreases in pH and carbonate ions and a rise in bicarbonate ions. the implications of this total procedure, often called "ocean acidification", are elevating issues for the organic, ecological, and biogeochemical overall healthiness of the world's oceans, in addition to for the capability societal implications. This learn point textual content is the 1st to synthesize the very newest knowing of the results of ocean acidification, with the purpose of informing either destiny learn agendas and marine administration coverage. A prestigious checklist of authors has been assembled, between them the coordinators of significant nationwide and foreign tasks on ocean acidification.

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2010). The carbon dioxide system in seawater: equilibrium chemistry and measurements. In: U. Riebesell, V. Fabry, L. -P. Gattuso (eds) Guide for best practices in ocean acidification research and data reporting, pp. 17–40. Office for Official Publications of the European Communities, Luxembourg. , Lima, I. et al. (2007). Impact of anthropogenic atmospheric nitrogen and sulfur deposition on ocean acidification and the inorganic carbon system. Proceedings of the National Academy of Science USA, 104, 14580–5.

Their damage or loss could have direct and indirect detrimental consequences, including impacts on commercially or ecologically important fishes that feed and reproduce in reefs, on the particularly rich biodiversity inhabiting the reefs, and on the tourism industry and protein supply for millions of people, most of whom live in the poorest areas of the world (Donner and Potere 2007; Kleypas and Yates 2009). Coral reefs also protect other important biodiversity-rich ecosystems such as mangroves and seagrass beds, and play a key role in protecting shorelines from erosion and inundation.

Nature, 363, 149–51. C. (2009). Imminent ocean acidification pro- jected with the NCAR global coupled carbon cycle-climate model. Biogeosciences, 6, 515–33. Swift, E. R. (1966). The effect of pH on the division rate of the coccolithophorid Cricosphaera elongata. Journal of Phycology, 2, 121–5. The Royal Society (2005). Ocean acidification due to increasing atmospheric carbon dioxide, 60 pp. The Royal Society, London. The Royal Society (2009). Geoengineering the climate: science, governance and uncertainty, 82 pp.

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Ocean Acidification

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