By Institute of Medicine, National Academy of Engineering, National Academy of Sciences, Engineering, and Public Policy Committee on Science
The medical study firm is equipped on a starting place of belief. Scientists belief that the consequences stated through others are legitimate. Society trusts that the result of examine replicate a decent try out through scientists to explain the area correctly and with out bias. yet this belief will undergo provided that the clinical group devotes itself to exemplifying and transmitting the values linked to moral clinical conduct.
On Being a Scientist was once designed to complement the casual classes in ethics supplied by way of examine supervisors and mentors. The booklet describes the moral foundations of medical practices and a few of the non-public matters that researchers come across of their paintings. It applies to all sorts of research--whether in educational, business, or governmental settings-and to all clinical disciplines.
This 3rd version of On Being a Scientist displays advancements because the ebook of the unique version in 1989 and a moment version in 1995. a continual function of this version is the inclusion of a couple of hypothetical situations supplying information in considering and discussing those scenarios.
On Being a Scientist is aimed essentially at graduate scholars and starting researchers, yet its classes observe to all scientists in any respect levels in their clinical careers.
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Extra info for On Being a Scientist (Third Edition)
3. What other resources exist that Robert can use in dealing with this issue? Copyright © National Academy of Sciences. All rights reserved. html Authorship and t h e A l l o c a t i o n o f C r e d i t 37 where a person who writes a paper is not listed among the authors, misleads readers and also should be condemned. Policies at most scientific journals state that a person should be listed as the author of a paper only if that person made a direct and substantial intellectual contribution to the design of the research, the interpretation of the data, or the drafting of the paper, although students will find that scientific fields and specific journals vary in their policies.
Researchers have a responsibility to search the literature thoroughly and to cite prior work accurately. Implied in this responsibility is that authors should strive to cite (and read) the original paper rather than (or in addition to) a more recent paper or review article that relies on the earlier article. Researchers have other ways to disseminate research findings in addition to peer-reviewed research articles. Some of these, such as seminars, conference talks, abstracts, and posters represent longstanding traditions within science.
The worst violations of scientific standards because they undermine the trust on which science is based. However, intent can be difficult to establish. For example, because trust in science depends so heavily on the assumption that the origin and content of scientific ideas will be treated with respect, plagiarism is taken very seriously in science, even though it does not introduce spurious results into research records in the same way that fabrication and falsification do. But someone who plagiarizes may insist it was a mistake, either in note taking or in writing, and that there was no intent to deceive.
On Being a Scientist (Third Edition) by Institute of Medicine, National Academy of Engineering, National Academy of Sciences, Engineering, and Public Policy Committee on Science