By Martin Evans
Passchendaele is without doubt one of the so much evocative names linked to the good conflict. For over eighty years, the conflict has epitomized unnecessary slaughter on an unbelievable scale. The naked facts are surprising in themselves - the British, French and German armies suffered over part 1000000 casualties among July and November 1917. Ever because, just like hapless infantrymen suffering in the course of the dust and the shellfire has come to symbolize the futility of trench conflict and the incompetence in their commanders. but, as Martin Marix Evans demonstrates during this gripping and perceptive reassessment, a few universal assumptions concerning the process the conflict - and the ways that it used to be fought - are wrong and will be checked out back.
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Extra resources for Passchendaele: The Hollow Victory (Campaign Chronicles)
The overtly social context of the festival of Isis as described in Apuleius’ Golden Ass has townspeople in large numbers participating as individuals in the festival. 8–18). Likewise, days with public entertainment were social foci. Crowds assembled even before a display. There were preliminary entertainments such as pantomimes, and street vendors and performers were everywhere. And the main event focused the community and created a social bond. While sometimes this event was something bloody like a gladiatorial contest, often it was a theatrical or circus-like performance.
There are many astrological scenarios concerning a woman leaving her husband’s house; this would seem to mean that it was a common fear. Likewise, Artemidorus frequently mentions divorce, indicating that it was a common occurrence. Presumably this worry was linked to the dowry, which the woman would take away with her; a dowry is assumed as normal. The sum of a successful marriage seems to be children. There is much worry about sterility, the number of children, and whether they will be ‘good children,’ as expressed in many charts cast.
But this should not blind us to the reality that for the ordinary and elite alike the baths offered not only social interaction but a dangerous lack of hygiene shocking even to contemplate. We do not know how often the water was changed, but there is no indication that this happened frequently. There was no ‘prewash’; rather, the lathering with oil and then scraping off of the same as a cleansing action prior to bathing just meant that the removed material was swept by some bath maintenance person into the pool.
Passchendaele: The Hollow Victory (Campaign Chronicles) by Martin Evans