Download e-book for iPad: Periodic Systems: Filtering and Control by Sergio Bittanti

By Sergio Bittanti

ISBN-10: 1848009100

ISBN-13: 9781848009103

ISBN-10: 1848009119

ISBN-13: 9781848009110

The benefits of periodic keep watch over were recognized considering the fact that humanity realized to domesticate plants in rotation to extend construction. in additional fresh instances, it's been famous that a few business and technological structures additionally paintings or functionality greater in a periodic model. additionally, with periodic keep watch over legislation it's been attainable to resolve difficulties for which no time-invariant answer exists. Periodic versions also are in a position to describe the intrinsic periodicity in lots of common phenomena and time series.

Periodic Systems offers a entire therapy of the idea of time-varying dynamical platforms with periodic coefficients, with distinct specialize in the issues of filtering and control.

Topics lined include:

• simple concerns like Floquet thought, controllability and observability, canonical decomposition, approach norms and Lyapunov and powerful stability;

• the matter of nation estimation in its numerous kinds, filtering, prediction and smoothing;

• keep an eye on layout tools, rather optimum and strong control.

The textual content specializes in discrete-time signs and platforms; besides the fact that, an summary of the total box, together with the continuous-time case, is supplied within the first bankruptcy. The authors’ presentation of the speculation and effects is mathematically rigorous whereas preserving a readable kind, keeping off over the top formalism. This makes the publication available to graduate scholars and researchers from the fields of engineering, physics, economics and mathematics.

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Additional info for Periodic Systems: Filtering and Control

Example text

And similarly for B, C and D. As for matrix N , it is the block diagonal matrix N = blkdiag { jkΩ I, k ∈ Z} . Then, one can define the harmonic transfer function as the operator: Gˆ(s) = C [sI − (A − N )]−1 B + D . Such an operator provides a most useful connection between the input harmonics and the output harmonics (organized in the infinite vectors U and Y , respectively). In particular, if one takes s = 0 (so considering the truly periodic regimes), the appropriate input/output operator is Gˆ(0) = C [N − A ]−1 B + D .

These considerations lead to the definition of partial positivity of the Π -function: Π (ω ) is said to be partially positive if there exists a value of ω such that Π (ω ) is positive definite. The partial positivity of the Π -function is a sufficient condition for the existence of an improving periodic regime. This is the so-called Π -condition. A final remark concerns a graphical interpretation of the Π -condition when the system is linear and SISO: x(t) ˙ = Ax(t) + Bu(t), Denote by p = gyy (y¯o , u¯o ), y(t) = Cx(t) .

14) for some ¯ τ) = 0 non-identically zero periodic vector x(t). 14) over one period, so obtaining x( ¯ τ + T ) = ΨA (τ )e−ρ T x( ¯ τ ). In view of periodicity, we have ΨA (τ )x( ¯ τ ) = eρ T x( ¯ τ) . so that ρ is a characteristic exponent. Vice versa, assume that ρ is a characteristic exponent and consider an eigenvector ξ of the monodromy matrix, namely ΨA (τ )ξ = eρ T ξ . 14). The analogous proof for discrete-time is omitted. The above-given geometric interpretation of a characteristic exponent lends itself to be interpreted in algebraic terms in the realm of operator polynomials with periodic coefficients.

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Periodic Systems: Filtering and Control by Sergio Bittanti


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