By Dona Schneider Ph.D. M.P.H., Dr. David E. Lilienfeld M.D. M.P.H., Professor Warren Winkelstein
Public well-being as a self-discipline grew out of conventional Western medication yet increased to incorporate pursuits in social coverage, hygiene, epidemiology, infectious affliction, sanitation, and wellbeing and fitness schooling. This e-book, the 1st of a two-volume set, is a set of vital and consultant old texts that serve to track and to light up the improvement of conceptions, rules, and coverings in public overall healthiness from the sunrise of Western civilization during the revolutionary period of the early 20th century.
The editors supply annotated readings and biographical information to punctuate the historic timeline and to supply scholars with insights into the development of principles, tasks, and reforms within the box. From Hippocrates and John Graunt within the early interval, to John Snow and Florence Nightingale through the nineteenth-century sanitary reform stream, to Upton Sinclair and Margaret Sanger within the innovative period, readers keep on with the id, evolution, and implementation of public future health strategies as they got here jointly lower than one self-discipline.
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Additional resources for Public Health: The Development of a Discipline, From the Age of Hippocrates to the Progressive Era
Those who live on thin, illwatered, and bare soils, and not well attempered in the changes of the seasons, in such a country they are likely to be in their persons rather hard and well braced, rather of a blond than a dark complexion, and in position and passions haughty and self-willed. For, where the changes of the seasons are most frequent, and where they differ most from one another, there you will ﬁnd their forms, dispositions, and nature the most varied. These are the strongest of the natural causes of difference, and next the country in which one lives, and the waters; for, in general, you will ﬁnd the forms and dispositions of mankind to correspond with the nature of the country; for where the land is fertile, soft, and well-watered, and supplied with waters from very elevated situations, so as to be hot in summer and cold in winter, and where the seasons are ﬁne, there the men are ﬂeshy, have ill-formed joints, and are of a humid temperament; they are not disposed to endure labor, and, for the most part, are base in spirit; indolence and sluggishness are visible in them, and to the arts they are dull, and not clever nor acute.
For this is likely to happen when the clouds being carried along and moving with a wind which does not allow them to rest, suddenly encounters another wind and other clouds from the opposite direction: there it is ﬁrst condensed, and what is behind is carried up to the spot, and thus it thickens, blackens, and is conglomerated, and by its weight it falls down and becomes rain. Such, to all appearance, are the best of waters, but they require to be boiled and strained; for otherwise they have a bad smell, and occasion hoarseness and thickness of the voice to those who drink them.
Rain waters, then, are the lightest, the sweetest, the thinnest, and the clearest; for originally the sun raises and attracts the thinnest and lightest part of the water, as is obvious from the nature of salts; for the saltish part is left behind owing to its thickness and weight, and forms salts; but the sun attracts the thinnest part, owing to its lightness, and he abstracts this not only from the lakes, but also from the sea, and from all things which contain humidity, and there is humidity in everything; and from man himself the sun draws off the thinnest and lightest part of the juices.
Public Health: The Development of a Discipline, From the Age of Hippocrates to the Progressive Era by Dona Schneider Ph.D. M.P.H., Dr. David E. Lilienfeld M.D. M.P.H., Professor Warren Winkelstein